|Abelmoschus esculentus leaves, |
flower buds and young fruit
Abelmoschus is a genus of about fifteen species of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, native to tropical Africa, Asia and northern Australia. It was formerly included within Hibiscus, but is now classified as a distinct genus.
The genus comprises annual and perennial herbaceous plants, growing to 2 m tall. The leaves are 10–40 cm long and broad, palmately lobed with 3-7 lobes, the lobes are very variable in depth, from barely lobed, to cut almost to the base of the leaf. The flowers are 4–8 cm diameter, with five white to yellow petals, often with a red or purple spot at the base of each petal. The fruit is a capsule, 5–20 cm long, containing numerous seeds.
- Selected species
- Abelmoschus angulosus
- Abelmoschus caillei – (syn. Hibiscus manihot var. caillei). West African okra
- Abelmoschus crinitus – (syb. Hibiscus crinitus)
- Abelmoschus esculentus – (syn. Hibiscus esculentus). Okra
- Abelmoschus ficulneus – (syn. Hibiscus ficulneus). White wild musk mallow
- Abelmoschus manihot – (syn. Hibiscus manihot). Aibika
- Abelmoschus moschatus – (syn. Hibiscus abelmoschus). Abelmosk
Abelmoschus manihot (aibika) furnishes cordage like jute, and Abelmoschus moschatus (abelmosk) is grown for musk seeds (musk ambrette, a musk substitute, which can cause phytophotodermatitis).
Gallery of different species
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abelmoschus.|
- "Abelmoschus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-03-12. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
- "Wellness Library:Ambrette (Abelmoschus moschatus)".
- Kundu BC, Biswas C. 1973. Anatomical characters for distinguishing the genera Abelmoschus and Hibiscus. Proc. Indian Sci. Congr. 60. (3): 295