Aberdare (UK Parliament constituency)

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Aberdare
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Cynon Valley
Created from Merthyr Tydfil

Aberdare was a constituency in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 1918 general election and returned one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until it was abolished for the 1983 general election. The Labour Party captured the seat in 1922 and held it comfortably until its abolition

Boundaries and name[edit]

The constituency consisted of the two neighbouring towns of Aberdare and Mountain Ash in Glamorgan, Wales. When the seat was abolished in 1983, it was largely replaced by the Cynon Valley seat.

1918 – 1950[edit]

Under the Representation of the People Act 1918, the existing parliamentary borough of Merthyr Tydfil was divided into two single-member constituencies. One of these was Merthyr Tydfil, Aberdare Division, which consisted of the two urban districts of Aberdare and Mountain Ash.[1]

1950 – 1983[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1948 reorganised constituencies throughout Great Britain, and introduced the term "borough constituency" in place of "parliamentary borough". The duly renamed Aberdare Borough Constituency was again defined as consisting of the Aberdare and Mountain Ash urban districts.[2] The renamed constituency was first contested at the 1950 general election. It was unchanged at the next revision of constituencies in 1970, continuing with the same name and boundaries until its abolition in 1983.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Charles Stanton Coalition National Democratic
1922 George Hall Labour
1946 by-election David Thomas Labour
1954 by-election Arthur Probert Labour
Feb 1974 Ioan Evans Labour Co-operative
1983 constituency abolished: see Cynon Valley

History[edit]

The first member for Aberdare was Charles Stanton, Stanton was a militant miners' agent in the pre-1914 era but had become an equally fierce proponent of the war effort which brought him into conflict with former colleagues including Keir Hardie. Stanton was elected to succeed Hardie as member for Merthyr Boroughs at a by-election in 1915 and comfortably won the Aberdare constituency at the 1918 Coupon Election.

By 1922, Stanton's appeal and popularity had faded and he was defeated by George Hall , who held the seat for over twenty years.

Labour's hold on Aberdare was never threatened thereafter although Plaid Cymru did make a strong showing at the 1970 General Election. Glyn Owen, the new Plaid Cymru candidate in 1974, sustained the campaign from 1970 but this dis not seriously threaten the new Labour candidate, Ioan Evans, at the second election that year.


Election Results 1918-1945[edit]

General Election, December 1918: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Democratic 22,824
Labour Rev. Thomas Evan Nicholas 6,229
Majority
Turnout
National Democratic hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government
General Election 1923: Aberdare [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Henry Hall 22,379 58.2 +1.0
Liberal William M. Llewellyn 16,050 41.8 -1.0
Majority 6,329 16.4 +2.0
Turnout 83.3 +3.4
Labour hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1929: Aberdare [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Henry Hall 29,550 64.6
Liberal Evan Joshua Roderick 10,594 23.2
Unionist Arthur Hugh Elsdale Molson 5,573 12.2
Majority 18,956 41.4
Turnout 84.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Aberdare [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Henry Hall unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935: Aberdare [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Henry Hall unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

Election Results 1945-1979[edit]

General Election, 5 July 1945: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Henry Hall 34,398 84.25
Conservative CG Clover 6,429 15.75
Majority 27,969 68.51
Turnout 40,827 76.25
Labour hold Swing
Aberdare by-election, 1946
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Emlyn Thomas 24,215 68.32 −15.93
Plaid Cymru Wynne Islwyn Samuel 7,090 20.0 N/A
Conservative Lincoln Hallinan 4,140 11.68 −4.07
Majority 17,125 48.31 −20.2
Turnout 35,445
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Emlyn Thomas 33,390 75.58 −8.67
Conservative Robert N E Hinton 6,098 13.80 −1.95
Plaid Cymru Wynne Islwyn Samuel 3,310 7.49 N/A
Communist Alistair T M Wilson 1,382 3.13 N/A
Majority 27,292 61.77 −6.74
Turnout 44,180 85.89 +9.64
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Emlyn Thomas 34,783 78.55 +2.77
Conservative J Lewis 6,810 15.38 +1.58
Plaid Cymru Wynne Islwyn Samuel 2,691 6.08 −1.41
Majority 27,963 63.17 +1.4
Turnout 44,284 86.12 +0.23
Labour hold Swing
Aberdare by-election, 1954
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 24,658 69.48 −9.07
Plaid Cymru Gwynfor Richard Evans 5,671 15.98 N/A
Conservative Michael Hilary Arthur Roberts 5,158 14.53 −0.85
Majority 18,987 53.5 −9.67
Turnout 35,487
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 29,528 74.96 −3.59
Conservative WJA Bain 6,162 15.64 +0.26
Welsh Nationalist Trefor Beasley 3,703 9.40 +3.32
Majority 23,366 59.32 −3.85
Turnout 39,393 78.26 −7.26
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 30,889 75.63 +0.67
Conservative Bernard McGlynn 6,584 16.12 +0.48
Plaid Cymru Ken P Thomas 3,367 8.24 N/A
Majority 24,305 59.51 −0.19
Turnout 40,840 83.14 +4.88
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 29,106 77.39 +1.76
Conservative Peter Nicholas Price 5,780 15.37 −0.75
Plaid Cymru Dewi W Thomas 2,723 7.24 −1.0
Majority 23,326 62.02 +2.51
Turnout 37,609 79.15 −3.99
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 26,322 73.31 −4.08
Conservative Peter Nicholas Price 4,204 11.71 −3.66
Plaid Cymru J.E. Williams 3,073 8.6 +1.3
Communist Alistair T.M. Wilson 2,305 6.4 N/A
Majority 22,118 61.6 −0.4
Turnout 35,904 77.0 −2.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Reginald Probert 22,817 59.97 −13.34
Plaid Cymru Gareth Morgan Jones 11,431 30.04 +21.48
Conservative David C Purnell 2,484 6.53 −5.18
Communist Alistair T M Wilson 1,317 3.46 −2.96
Majority 11,386 29.92 −31.68
Turnout 38,049 77.92 +0.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ioan Lyonel Evans 23,805 59.5 −0.4
Plaid Cymru Glyn Owen 11,973 29.9 −0.1
Conservative Michael J. Niblock 3,169 7.9 +1.4
Communist Alistair T.M. Wilson 1,038 2.6 −0.9
Majority 11,832 29.6 −0.3
Turnout 39,985 83.26 +5.34
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ioan Lyonel Evans 24,197 63.3 +3.7
Plaid Cymru Glyn Owen 8,133 21.3 −8.7
Conservative B.G.C. Webb 2,775 7.3 −0.7
Liberal G. Hill 2,118 5.5 N/A
Communist Alistair T.M. Wilson 1,028 2.7 +0.1
Majority 16,064 42.0 −12.4
Turnout 38,251 79.1 −4.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1979: Aberdare
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ioan Lyonel Evans 26,716 71.6 +8.3
Conservative D. Deere 6,453 17.3 +10.0
Plaid Cymru Phil Richards 3,652 9.8 −11.5
Communist Mary Winter 518 1.4 −1.3
Majority 20,263 54.3 +12.3
Turnout 37,339 78.6 −0.5
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ninth Schedule, Part I: Parliamentary Boroughs in Wales and Monmouthshire. Representation of the People Act, 1918 (7&8 Geo. 5.) C. 64.
  2. ^ First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies, Part II: Wales, Representation of the People Act, 1948 (11&12 Geo. 6.) C. 65
  3. ^ Etholiadau'r ganrif 1885-1997, Beti Jones
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]