European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre

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Aberdeen Bay Wind Farm.jpg

European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
LocationAberdeen's Bay
Coordinates57°13′N 1°59′W / 57.217°N 1.983°W / 57.217; -1.983Coordinates: 57°13′N 1°59′W / 57.217°N 1.983°W / 57.217; -1.983
Commission dateSeptember 2018 (2018-09)
Construction cost£335 million[1]
Owner(s)European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre
Wind farm
Max. water depth32 m[1]
Distance from shore3 km (2 mi)[1]
Hub height120 m[1]
Rotor diameter164 m[1]
Site area19 km2[1]
Power generation
Make and modelVestas V164 8.4-8.8MW
Units planned11 × 8.5 MW[1]
Nameplate capacity92.4 MW

The European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre (EOWDC) is an offshore wind test and demonstration facility located around 3 kilometres off the east coast of Aberdeenshire, in the North Sea, Scotland. It was developed by the European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre consortium.[2] The scheme consists of 11 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 93.2 megawatts.[3] It is located between Blackdog and Bridge of Don near Aberdeen.[4] First power was generated in July 2018,[5] with full commissioning following in September 2018.[3]


The wind farm was initially proposed by the Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG) in 2003.[6] The original plan was for 20 two-megawatt turbines in an eight kilometres long row about 1 kilometre offshore.[6] A geological survey of Aberdeen Bay was begun in 2007,[7] and a grant of 40 million euros was offered by the European Commission in 2009.[4] The proposal at that stage was for a maximum of 23 turbines.[4]

A planning application was lodged in August 2011.[8] The application was submitted by Aberdeen Renewable Energy Group (AREG) in cooperation with two other companies, Vattenfall and Technip.[8] The proposal was for 11 turbines.[8] Planning consent was granted by the Scottish government in March 2013.[9]

In May 2013 Vattenfall announced plans to reduce its stake in the project.[10] In October 2013 Aberdeenshire councillors rejected a planning application to build an electricity substation.[11] In December 2013 it was announced that construction would be delayed for two years, with connection of the grid occurring in 2017.[12] In January 2014 an appeal against the substation vote was lodged.[13] The developers won the appeal in July 2014.[14]

Vattenfall decided to proceed with the 92 MW wind farm in July 2016.[15] The plan was for 11 turbines each of 8 MW placed 3 km from land,[1] with a contract for the assembly of suction bucket foundations for the turbines contracted out to Smulders Projects UK.[16]


American billionaire Donald Trump purchased a large part of the Menie estate near the village of Balmedie in 2006. He proposed to build a golf course, with a hotel, holiday homes and a residential village.[17] He expressed his concerns about the wind farm in April 2006 stating that "I want to see the ocean, I do not want to see windmills."[18]

In 2006 RSPB Scotland expressed concern about the effect both the wind farm and Donald Trump's golf course would have on the wildlife on the Aberdeenshire coast.[18] In 2011 the RSPB called for "more planning, research and monitoring ... to ensure we truly understand the impact this site may have on local birds."[19]

In September 2011 the Trump Organization filed an objection to the planning application.[20]

By 2012 the RSPB dropped its opposition to the wind farm following the reduction in the number of turbines and a change in the layout."[21]

In May 2013 Trump launched a legal challenge against the Scottish government's decision to grant planning permission for the wind farm.[22] The hearing began at the Court of Session in November 2013,[23] but was rejected in February 2014.[24] An appeal against the decision was heard at the Court of Session in January 2015,[25] but Trump lost the appeal in June 2015.[26] After the decision Trump said he would appeal before both the Supreme Court of the UK and the European Courts.[26] Trump's appeal was unanimously dismissed by the UK Supreme Court in December 2015.[27]


Connection work began in early 2017. The turbines are mounted on unusual suction bucket foundations. The sea cables are 66kV.[28] There are more than four miles of high voltage underground cable between the substation in Dyce (on the outskirts of Aberdeen) and the wind farm's onshore substation at Blackdog.[29] The first foundation was installed offshore in March 2018,[30] and the first turbine was installed in April.[31] The eleventh and final turbine was erected near the end of May.[32] First power was generated in July 2018,[5] with full commissioning following in September 2018.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Aberdeen Offshore Wind Farm". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  2. ^ European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre, Vattenfall, retrieved 29 July 2014
  3. ^ a b c "Aberdeen offshore wind project opposed by Trump officially opening". BBC News. NE Scotland, Orkney & Shetland. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Offshore wind farm given EC boost, BBC News, 7 May 2009
  5. ^ a b "Aberdeen wind farm opposed by Donald Trump generates first power".
  6. ^ a b Offshore wind farm plan unveiled, BBC News, 15 September 2003
  7. ^ Sea survey for offshore wind farm, BBC News, 5 July 2007
  8. ^ a b c Wind farm project application for Aberdeen Bay, BBC News, 5 August 2011
  9. ^ Consent for Donald Trump row wind farm announced, BBC News, 26 March 2013
  10. ^ Aberdeen wind farm partner Vattenfall to reduce stake, BBC News, 10 May 2013
  11. ^ Plans for wind test centre off Aberdeen suffers setback, BBC News, 29 October 2013
  12. ^ Offshore wind farm plan opposed by Donald Trump is delayed, BBC News, 5 December 2013
  13. ^ Energy giant to appeal rejection of £230m Aberdeen Bay wind farm, STV, 14 January 2014
  14. ^ Substation near Donald Trump golf course to go ahead, BBC News, 23 July 2014
  15. ^
  16. ^ Findlay, Keith (1 February 2017). "English firm Smulders wins Aberdeen Bay wind farm deal". Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  17. ^ First look at Trump plan for 'world’s best course', HeraldScotland, 16 February 2010
  18. ^ a b Fears over Trump's golfing plans, BBC News, 24 May 2006
  19. ^ RSPB Scotland objection to Aberdeen offshore wind farm, BBC News, 1 November 2011
  20. ^ Donald Trump sends wind farm complaint to Alex Salmond, BBC News, 14 September 2011
  21. ^ Donald Trump in fresh Aberdeen wind farm attack, BBC News, 5 October 2012
  22. ^ Donald Trump launches legal challenge to wind farm decision, BBC News, 16 May 2013
  23. ^ Donald Trump challenge to Aberdeenshire wind turbines begins, BBC News, 12 November 2013
  24. ^ Donald Trump loses court battle against offshore wind farm, The Daily Telegraph, 11 February 2014
  25. ^ "Trump and windfarm team face courtroom battle over Aberdeen turbines plan". Evening Express. 20 January 2015.
  26. ^ a b Billionaire Donald Trump loses legal battle over offshore wind farm, STV, 5 June 2015
  27. ^ Trump International Golf Club Scotland Limited v The Scottish Ministers [2015] UKSC 74
  28. ^ Foxwell, David (18 June 2018). "Planning ahead speeds construction of EOWDC". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Donald Trump-opposed wind farm in Aberdeen Bay connected to grid". The Scotsman. 3 April 2018.
  30. ^ "First foundation installed for pioneering offshore wind project". Aberdeen Evening Express. 26 March 2018.
  31. ^ "First European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre turbine installed". BBC News. 10 April 2018.
  32. ^ "Wind farm that was opposed by Donald Trump fitted with final turbine". The Herald. 28 May 2018.

External links[edit]