Route 1 (Hong Kong)

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Route 1

Route 1
Route 1 coloured red
Route information
Maintained by Highways Department
Length 20.7 km (12.9 mi)
20.6 kilometres (12.8 mi) South
Existed 1966 (Princess Margaret Road) – present
Major junctions
South end Aberdeen Praya Road, Aberdeen
  HK Route4.svg Gloucester Road, Causeway Bay
HK Route5.svg Chatham Road, Hung Hom
HK Route7.svg Lung Cheung Road, Beacon Hill
Sha Lek Highway, Sha Tin Wai
North end HK Route9.svg Tai Po Road, Fo Tan
Districts Southern, Central and Western, Wan Chai, Yau Tsim Mong, Kowloon City, Wong Tai Sin, Sha Tin
Highway system

Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System

Route 10 Route 2

Route 1 (Chinese: 一號幹線) is a major artery in Hong Kong that runs in a generally north-south direction, connecting Aberdeen with Shatin.

The route is heavily congested, notably on the Canal Road viaduct that links the Aberdeen Tunnel with the Cross-Harbour Tunnel in Causeway Bay.[1] Route 1 continues to serve as the most direct route from the north shore of Hong Kong Island to the Southern District. The road travels across the harbour and runs through the middle of Kowloon and continues heading north into the New Territories.


Route 1 was established in January 2004 when the third generation of route numbers came into use, replacing the old system which had been used since 1974.


The route begins in the south at Aberdeen Praya Road which continues as Wong Chuk Hang Road until reaching the Aberdeen Tunnel. The traffic runs on the Canal Road viaduct after exiting the tunnel in Happy Valley. The viaduct descends to the ground level passed the intersection at Gloucester Road for Route 4.

Traffic then crosses the Cross-Harbour Tunnel into Kowloon and keeps heading north along Princess Margaret Road and Waterloo Road. The stretch of Waterloo Road between Hereford Road and Lancashire Road in Kowloon Tong is the only section of the route that is not controlled access. Traffic then climbs a steep incline to reach the Lion Rock Tunnel. At the end of the tunnel, the road skirts the border of Tai Wai. Traffic has an option to merge to Route 9 in Shatin or branch off onto Route 2 for Ma On Shan.[2]

Exits and interchanges[edit]

District Location km[3] mi Exit Destinations Notes
Southern Aberdeen 0.0–
1 Ap Lei Chau Bridge / Aberdeen Praya Road Trumpet interchange; Southern terminus
Wong Chuk Hang 0.2 0.12 1A Heung Yip Road Southbound only
0.4 0.25 Yip Kan Street Yip Kan Street to southbound only
2 Wong Chuk Hang Road to Nam Long Shan Road
3 Ocean Park Road Trumpet interchange
4 Wong Chuk Hang Road / Nam Fung Road No access to/from southbound
2.1 1.3 Aberdeen Tunnel Toll Plaza
Wan Chai
Wong Chuk Hang
Happy Valley
Aberdeen Tunnel
Wan Chai Morrison Hill 4.3–
5 Wong Nai Chung Road To/from Route 1 northbound only
East Point 5.3 3.3 5A Canal Road West / Canal Road East To/from Route 1 southbound only
6 Route 4 (Gloucester Road)
Wan Chai
Yau Tsim Mong
East Point
Hung Hom Bay
Cross-Harbour Tunnel
Yau Tsim Mong Hung Hom Bay 8.1 5.0 Cross-Harbour Tunnel Toll Plaza
8.2 5.1 Hong Chong Road Hong Chong Road to northbound Route 1 only
Hung Hom 8.4 5.2 6A Salisbury Road Southbound only
6B Railway Approach Southbound only
6C Route 5 west (Chatham Road North) Route 1 northbound to Route 5 westbound
8.6 5.3 6D Route 5 east (Chatham Road North) Route 1 northbound to Route 5 eastbound
No. 12 Hill 9.0 5.6 7A Princess Margaret Road To/from Route 1 northbound only
7B Princess Margaret Road Link To from Route 1 northbound only
Kowloon City 9.1–
7D Chi Man Street Southbound only
Yau Tsim Mong 9.3 5.8 7C Wylie Road Northbound only
Kowloon City 9.7 6.0 7E Chung Man Street Southbound only
Ho Man Tin 10.0 6.2 8 Man Fung Path / Sheung Hing Street to Pui Ching Road Partial cloverleaf interchange; No access to Route 1 southbound from Pui Ching Road westbound
Princess Margaret Road to Argyle Street To/from southbound Route 1 only
Ma Tau Wai 11.0 6.8 8A Waterloo Road Frontage road
Boundary Street Boundary Street to Route 1 southbound only
8B Prince Edward Road West Southbound only
Kowloon Tsai 8C Waterloo Road Frontage road
8D Flint Road Southbound exit only
9 Essex Crescent / Lancashire Road Northbound only
12.0 7.5 9A Rutland Quadrant / Durham Road Southbound only
9C Hereford Road No access from Hereford Road to Route 1 northbound
York Road York Road to Route 1 northbound only
9E Norfolk Road Northbound exit only
9F Waterloo Road to Cornwall Street / Junction Road Frontage road
13.0 8.1 9G Waterloo Road / Ede Road Frontage road; Ede Road to Route 1 northbound only
10A Route 7 west (Lung Cheung Road) Route 7 westbound to/from Route 1 northbound
Kowloon City
Wong Tai Sin
10B Route 7 east (Lung Cheung Road) Route 7 eastbound to/from Route 1 northbound
Kowloon City
Sha Tin
Kowloon Tsai
Tai Wai
Lion Rock Tunnel
Sha Tin Tai Wai 15.0 9.3 Lion Rock Tunnel Toll Plaza
16.0 9.9 11 Hung Mui Kuk Road Trumpet interchange
Sha Tin 17.0 10.6 11A Lion Rock Tunnel Road / Che Kung Miu Road / Tai Chung Kiu Road To/from Route 1 southbound
18.0 11.2 11B Sha Lek Highway To/from Route 1 southbound
19.0 11.8 12 Sha Tin Wai Road Diamond interchange
20.0 12.4 12A Fo Tan Road / Tai Chung Kiu Road To/from Route 1 southbound
Fo Tan 21.0 13.0 12B Sha Tin Road to Yuen Wo Road To/from Route 1 southbound
Route 9 east (Tai Po Road) To/from Route 9 eastbound; Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi



  1. ^ "LCQ4: Traffic congestion along the link roads to the Aberdeen Tunnel". Information Services Department. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Route Diagram - Route 1". Transport Department. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  3. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors. Route 1 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 20 March 2016.