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Coordinates: 53°49′49″N 1°20′34″W / 53.8304°N 1.3429°W / 53.8304; -1.3429
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boundary marker
Aberford is located in Leeds
Aberford is located in West Yorkshire
Location within West Yorkshire
Population1,180 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE 434 373
• London165 mi (266 km) SSE
Civil parish
  • Aberford
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLEEDS
Postcode districtLS25
Dialling code0113
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
53°49′49″N 1°20′34″W / 53.8304°N 1.3429°W / 53.8304; -1.3429

Aberford is a village and civil parish on the eastern outskirts of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It had a population of 1,059 at the 2001 census,[2] increasing to 1,180 at the 2011 Census.[1] It is situated 10 miles (15.5 km) east, north east of Leeds and west of the A1(M) motorway.[3]


The name 'Aberford' comes from the Old English woman's name Ēadburg and ford, which, then as now, meant 'ford'. The name meant 'Eadburg's ford'.[4] This suggests the settlement's once-strategic importance.[5] The name was recorded as Ædburford in 1176 and Ædburgford in 1177, Ebberford in the 13th century and Aberford from 1208.[6]


Aberford is where the ancient Great North Road crosses over the Cock River (now reduced in volume as the Cock Beck). Aberford was the midway point on the road between London and Edinburgh, being around 200 miles (320 km) distant from each city. The construction of the A1(M) motorway bypassed the village starting at Hook Moor.[7] On the north side of the river the Aberford Dykes earthworks were constructed to defend the crossing. The buried remains of a Roman fort have been found beneath Aberford House.[8] The bridge dates from the 18th century.[9]

Aberford was in the ancient Kingdom of Elmet, the name given to the parliamentary constituency. An Anglo-Saxon gold ring, inscribed with the name of King Alfred the Great's sister Æthelswith, was found in a ploughed field near the village in 1870. It was bequeathed by A. W. Franks to the British Museum in 1897.[10] In the 17th century the village was a major place for the manufacture of pins.[11]

Aberford's growth was along the road and the village has developed a linear rather than nucleated profile.[12] Since the early 1990s much new housing has been constructed, as increasing affluence allows people to move away from city centres to rural and suburban areas.

Aberford adjoins the Parlington Estate, and was the northern terminus of the private Aberford Railway.


Geologically, Aberford lies slightly east of the narrow basal sandstone boundary between the central Leeds Coal Measures and much harder magnesian limestone deposits, in an area shaped heavily by subsidence of the underlying Coal Measures.


Aberford is considered "a place of special architectural and historic interest".[13] Some notable buildings are:

  • St Ricarius Church. The parish church is an 1861 rebuilding of a 12th-century one.[14]
  • The Gascoigne Almshouses designed by George Fowler Jones was built by sisters Mary Isabella and Elizabeth Gascoigne of Parlington Hall in 1844 to commemorate their father, Richard Oliver Gascoigne and two brothers who died in quick succession. They are grade II* listed buildings.[15]
  • Aberford House is a classical 18th century mansion on Main Street.[16]
  • The Swan Hotel, previously a staging post used by those travelling the Great North Road.[17]
  • The Arabian Horse Inn is one of a very few public houses in the UK with this name, and a landmark with the conservation area.[18]

Aberford Church of England primary School is affiliated with the parish church adjacent to it. The school was originally a tithe barn and is owned by the Archdeacon of York following  its transfer from the Vicar of Aberford. Previously, it and much of the village was owned by Oriel College, Oxford, which received tithes from Aberford.[19][20] At the northern boundary is the A64 road from Leeds to York and Scarborough. At the south end of Aberford is what used to be Hicklam Mill Farm now a small certified caravan and camping site.


Location grid[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Aberford Parish (E04000186)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Aberford Parish (00DA001)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  3. ^ ANDP 2018, p. 7.
  4. ^ Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Names Society, 2017), p. 11.
  5. ^ ACAAMP 2011, pp. 5–6.
  6. ^ Watts, Victor (2007). The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0521168557.
  7. ^ "Aberford & District Parish Council | Aberford". aberford-pc.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  8. ^ ACAAMP 2011, p. 5.
  9. ^ "Aberford Bridge". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  10. ^ "Æthelswith Ring". British Museum Collection Online. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  11. ^ ACAAMP 2011, p. 6.
  12. ^ ACAAMP 2011, p. 4.
  13. ^ ACAAMP 2011, p. 1.
  14. ^ "Parish Church of St Ricarius or St Riquier". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Gascoigne Almshouses and Attached Wardens Cottage". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Aberford House". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  17. ^ "The Swan Hotel". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  18. ^ ACAAMP 2011, p. 11.
  19. ^ Piper, Marolyn (4 December 2006). "The Lost Village of Hillam Burchard". Aberford People. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  20. ^ Rogers, Joseph (2021). Tithe barns. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Amberley. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-4456-9285-2. OCLC 1242784225.


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