Aberlady

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Aberlady
Aberlady Church.jpg
Aberlady Church
Aberlady is located in East Lothian
Aberlady
Aberlady
Aberlady is located in Scotland
Aberlady
Aberlady
Aberlady shown within Scotland
Population873 [1] (2001 census)
est. 1,140[2] (2006)
OS grid referenceNT465798
Civil parish
  • Aberlady
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONGNIDDRY
Postcode districtEH32 xxx
Dialling code01875
PoliceScottish
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°01′N 2°52′W / 56.01°N 2.86°W / 56.01; -2.86Coordinates: 56°01′N 2°52′W / 56.01°N 2.86°W / 56.01; -2.86

Aberlady (Scots: Aiberleddy,[3] Gaelic: Obar Lobhaite) is a coastal village in the Scottish council area of East Lothian. The parish of Aberlady takes its name from this village, and had a population of 1,514 at the 2011 Census.[4]

History[edit]

Etymologically, Aberlady derives from Gaelic Obar Lobhtach/Lobhaite meaning 'rotten river mouth' (Iain mac an Táilleir, Sabhail Mór Ostaig). In the Middle Ages, Aberlady was an important harbour for fishing, sealing, and whaling and was designated "Port of Haddington" by a 1633 Act of Parliament. However, its origins are much earlier.

Aberlady had strong links with the monasteries at Iona and Lindisfarne from the 7th century, and its role was to facilitate the pilgrim traffic between the two sites. Previous archaeological excavations have shown traces of a Culdee chapel, and Pope Gregory X made reference to the church which he called "Aberlefdi". The 8th century Aberlady Cross fragment can be seen at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh. A reconstruction of this finely carved cross was erected in 2011 by Aberlady Conservation & History Society.

Aberlady Parish Church dates back to the 15th century. It was re-built in 1887. In 1986, the parishes of Aberlady and Gullane were merged, and the Manse is now in Gullane.

The "Aberlady Heritage Project" is a community-led project, and in 2008 it surveyed three sites — the medieval harbour quay commissioned in 1535, the Iron Age fort and associated souterrain at Kilspindie, and the Anglo-Saxon site at the Glebe. Aberlady boasts the largest collection of stray Anglo-Saxon finds yet discovered in Scotland.

Conservation[edit]

Aberlady Nature Reserve Footbridge that crosses the Peffer Burn. Footbridge to Luffness
Birdwatching Centre
Aberlady wetlands

In 1952, Aberlady Bay became the UK's first Local Nature Reserve or LNR. Amongst its other conservation designations are: Site of Special Scientific Interest or SSSI; Special Protection Area or SPA; and Ramsar site. East Lothian Council provides Reserve Wardens.

Waterston House, overlooking Aberlady Bay, is the headquarters of the Scottish Ornithologists' Club (SOC). It is named after George Waterston, joint founder of the SOC, and Director of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds in Scotland.

The Library holds over 3,500 items and is said to be the largest ornithological library in Scotland.

The art gallery space is named after wildlife artist Donald Watson who was President of SOC. The gallery specialises in bird-related paintings, but in May 2008 it had a textile exhibition named "Flights of Fancy".

The author Nigel Tranter was inspired to write on his daily walks on the nature reserve. A cairn in his memory stands at the car park by the wooden footbridge; Nigel Tranter referred to it as "the bridge to enchantment".

Aberlady Conservation & History Society is the local focus for conservation in the built and natural environment of the village and its surroundings.

Nearby places of interest[edit]

Aberlady is close to several well-known golf courses including Luffness, Kilspindie and Craigielaw.

Aberlady Bay, between Aberlady and Gullane, holds the wrecks of eight 19th or early 20th century fishing vessels, which have been designated as maritime scheduled ancient monuments, and two wrecks of XT-craft, training versions of the X-class submarine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Aberlady Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Archived from the original on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
  3. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  4. ^ Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usual Resident Population, published by National Records of Scotland. Website http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved Apr 2018. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930, Area: Aberlady

External links[edit]