Aberthaw power stations
|Aberthaw Power Station|
Aberthaw B Power Station
|Country||Wales, United Kingdom|
|Location||Barry, Vale of Glamorgan|
|Status||Operational (Aberthaw B)|
|Decommission date||1995 (Aberthaw A)|
|Thermal power station|
|Units operational||3 x 520 MW|
|Make and model||Associated Electrical Industries|
|Nameplate capacity||1,560 MW|
Aberthaw Power Station is a series of two coal-fired power stations on the coast of South Wales, near Barry in the Vale of Glamorgan. It is located at Limpert Bay, near the villages of Gileston and West Aberthaw. The current power station on the site, Aberthaw B Power Station, co-fires biomass and as of 2008 has a generating capacity of 1560 megawatts (MW).
The station is the location of a carbon capture trial system to determine whether the technology can be scaled up from lab conditions. The system consumes 1 MW.
The site of the stations was a golf course prior to the construction of the first station. Aberthaw A Power Station opened in February 1966, and at the time it was the most advanced in the world. Aberthaw B opened in the early 1970s. Aberthaw A operated until 1995. It was subsequently demolished. Its two 425 feet (130 m) chimneys were the last section to be demolished, and this was done on Saturday, 25 July 1998. The site currently has three generating units, each driven by their own Foster-Wheeler boiler. From 2006-2007 new steam turbines were fitted, allowing each unit to generate an extra 28-30 MW of power each. Each unit is now rated at 520 MW.
Aberthaw burns approximately 5,000–6,000 tonnes of coal a day, generating 6-7 GWHrs per year. The site usually burns two-thirds Welsh coal with the remainder being either foreign low-sulphur coal or biomass.
Until its closure, the Tower Colliery in Hirwaun supplied much of the coal for Aberthaw. Coal now mainly comes from the Ffos-y-fran Land Reclamation Scheme in Merthyr Tydfil, with other sources including: the Aberpergwm drift and opencast mines in the Neath Valley; and the Cwmgwrach Colliery via the Onllwyn Washery and the Tower Opencast mine based at the site of the original Tower Colliery. Further stocks are sourced from abroad, primarily Russia, and shipped in via the ports of Portbury, Avonmouth and Newport Docks.
In response to the UK government's renewable energy obligation that came into effect in April 2002, the station is currently firing a range of biomass materials to replace some of the coal burned. This is due to Welsh coal being less volatile than other coal and as such producing more sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
Flue gas desulfurization
Aberthaw B was due for closure, but in June 2005 station owners npower agreed to install new technology to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions by installing Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) equipment. This was to reduce sulphur dioxide levels by 90% by 2008, when new European environmental regulations came into place. Construction of the equipment started on 21 June 2006, with a tree-planting ceremony attended by the Welsh Minister for Enterprise, Innovation and Networks, Andrew Davies. The desulfurization FGD project is being carried out by a consortium of ALSTOM and AMEC, which will employ 500 workers on site at the peak of construction.
It has recently been proposed that the plant would be a suitable location for a power station using nuclear power based on the existing infrastructure and logistics. However, it is generally held that nuclear stations would only be built in remote areas and on existing nuclear sites. Aberthaw is generally considered too close to Cardiff and is in a conservation area.
On 26 March 2015, the BBC reported that the UK government is being taken to court by the European Commission over excess emissions of nitrogen oxides from Aberthaw power station. This issue was raised in the National Assembly for Wales on 10 November 2015 by Bethan Jenkins AM.
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- Aberthaw Power Station
- npower media centre
- Aberthaw 'earmarked as nuclear station site' - icWales
- "UK government taken to court over Aberthaw Power Station emissions". BBC news website. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- "Oral Assembly Questions tabled on 5 November 2015 for answer on 10 November 2015" (PDF). National Assembly for Wales. 10 November 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- RWE - Aberthaw Power Station
- Gathering the Jewels - 1995 picture of Aberthaw Power Station
- www.geograph.co.uk - Photos of Aberthaw Power Station and surrounding area
- YouTube - Footage of protests at Aberthaw Power Station
- YouTube - Aberthaw Power Station open day 1989
- YouTube - Aberthaw Power Station open day 1997