Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin

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Abgeordnetenhaus von Berlin
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Ralf Wieland, SPD
since 27 October 2011
Structure
Seats160
Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin 2016 Composition.svg
Political groups
Government (92)

Opposition Parties (68)

  •      CDU (31)
  •      AfD (25)
  •      FDP (12)
Elections
Last election
18 September 2016
Next election
2021
Meeting place
Berlin, Mitte, Niederkirchnerstraße, Preußisches und Berliner Abgeordnetenhaus.jpg
Preußischer Landtag building
Website
abgeordnetenhaus.de

The Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin (House of Representatives) (German: [ˈʔapɡəʔɔʁdnətn̩ˌhaʊs]) is the state parliament (Landtag) of Berlin, Germany according to the city-state's constitution. In 1993 the parliament moved from Rathaus Schöneberg to its present house on Niederkirchnerstraße in Mitte, which until 1934 was the seat of the Prussian Landtag. The current president of the parliament is Ralf Wieland (SPD).

History[edit]

Staircase

The Abgeordnetenhaus was established by the new constitution of West Berlin in 1951. It replaced the former city legislature called Stadtverordnetenversammlung (city deputies assembly), established by the Prussian Reforms in 1808 and re-established by Allied-initiated state elections of 1946.

Between 1951 and 1990 the Abgeordnetenhaus was a parliament of restricted autonomy, since the Allied Control Council required that all its legislation and its elections, such as those of mayors and the senators (then still elected and not yet appointed by the mayor), be subject to Western Allied confirmation or rejection. After reunification the Abgeordnetenhaus continued to be the parliament of united Berlin.

Elections[edit]

The parliament of Berlin is chosen every five years in a general, free, secret and direct ballot according to the principle of proportional representation. It consists of at least 130 representatives, 78 chosen directly in the electoral districts of the Berlin boroughs, and 52 indirectly from land or district lists. If a party wins more constituency seats than its overall share of the vote, the overall size of the Abgeordnetenhaus increases because of these overhang mandates.

The current distribution of seats as of the 2016 election (compared to the 2011 election) is:

The Pirate Party Berlin lost the 15 seats it won for the first time in the 2011 election due to their failure to cross the 5% election threshold necessary to qualify for representation in the 2016 election while the AfD joined the assembly for the first time and the FDP returned following a recovery in voter support.

Functions[edit]

Nameplate

The consideration and passing of legislation is the most important task, including the government budget. In addition, the parliament chooses the Governing Mayor of Berlin, and checks the city's government, the Senate of Berlin.

Presidents[edit]

Name Party Period
Otto Suhr SPD 11 January 1951 – 11 January 1955
Willy Brandt SPD 11 January 1955 – 2 October 1957
Kurt Landsberg SPD 19 October 1957 – 4 March 1958
Willy Henneberg SPD 20 March 1958 – 17 September 1961
Otto Friedrich Bach SPD 29 September 1961 – 6 April 1967
Walter Sickert SPD 6 April 1967 – 24 April 1975
Peter Lorenz CDU 24 April 1975 – 10 December 1980
Heinrich Lummer CDU 10 December 1980 – 11 June 1981
Peter Rebsch CDU 11 June 1981 – 2 March 1989
Jürgen Wohlrabe CDU 2 March 1989 – 11 January 1991
Hanna-Renate Laurien CDU 11 January 1991 – 30 November 1995
Herwig Haase CDU 30 November 1995 – 18 November 1999
Reinhard Führer CDU 18 November 1999 – 29 November 2001
Walter Momper SPD 29 November 2001 – 27 October 2011
Ralf Wieland SPD since 27 October 2011

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°30′29″N 13°22′55″E / 52.50806°N 13.38194°E / 52.50806; 13.38194