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Abhay Bhushan

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Abhay Bhushan
Born (1944-11-23) 23 November 1944 (age 79)
Alma materIndian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT Sloan School of Management
Known forFile Transfer Protocol

Abhay Bhushan (Hindi pronunciation: [əbʰəj bʰuːʂəɳː]; born 23 November 1944)[1] is an Indian computer scientist. Bhushan has been a major contributor to the development of the Internet TCP/IP architecture, and is the author of the File Transfer Protocol (which he started working on while he was a student at MIT) and the early versions of email standards. He is currently chairman of Asquare Inc., Secretary of Indians for Collective Action[2] and the former President of the IIT-Kanpur Foundation.[3][4] In 2023, he was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame.[5][1]

Early life and career


Abhay Bhushan was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.[1][6] Bhushan is a graduate of the first batch (1960–65) from the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur,[7] receiving a B.Tech. in electrical engineering. Subsequently, he studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received a Masters in electrical engineering together with a degree in Management from the MIT Sloan School of Management. At MIT, he drafted the now famous RFC 114 and worked on developing FTP and E-mail protocols for the ARPANet and subsequent Internet. In 1978 he was a Director at the Institute of Engineering and Rural Technology in Allahabad and was also a senior manager in Engineering and Development of Xerox where he was a founder and manager of the Xerox Environmental Leadership. He also was a co-founder of both the YieldUP International which in 1995 went public on NASDAQ and Portola Communications, which was bought by Netscape in 1997.[8]


  1. ^ a b c "2023 Inductee - Abhay Bhushan". Internet Hall of Fame. Internet Society. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  2. ^ "Leadership Team - Indians for Collection Action (ICA)". ICA. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  3. ^ Mr. Abhay K. Bhushan Archived 20 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Foundation". Archived from the original on 4 January 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Champions of Internet Security, Accessibility, and Global Connectivity: 2023 Internet Hall of Fame Inductees Announced" (Press release). Internet Society. PR Newswire. 26 September 2023. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
  6. ^ Computer History Notes - Herong's Tutorial Notes. HerongYang.com. 20 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Abhay K. Bhushan- Distinguished Alumni From Kanpur IIT". IIT Global Current Affairs Archives. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  8. ^ Eighth Leadership Conclave Archived 26 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine IITG. Retrieved 20 November 2018.