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Abhirati "The Joyous" (Chinese: 妙喜; pinyin: Miàoxǐ; Japanese pronunciation: Myōki; Korean pronunciation: Myoheui; Wylie: mngon par dga' ba) is the eastern pure land associated with Akshobhya in Mahayana Buddhism. It is described in the Akṣobhyavyūha Sūtra (Taishō Tripiṭaka, 313), which was first translated into Chinese by Lokakṣema by 186 CE.
Although Abhirati emerged in the earliest era of Mahayana thought, Abhirati is far less widely known than Sukhāvatī, the pure land of Amitābha that has been the sole focus of Pure Land Buddhism since the Tang dynasty.
- Nattier, Jan (2000). "The Realm of Aksobhya: A Missing Piece in the History of Pure Land Buddhism". Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 23 (1): 71–102.
- Strauch, Ingo (2010). "More missing pieces of Early Pure Land Buddhism: New evidence for Akṣobhya and Abhirati in an early Mahāyāna sūtra from Gandhāra". Eastern Buddhist 41: 23–66.
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