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Aviv (Hebrew: אביב‎) is a word that has several similar meanings in Hebrew. It is also used as a given name and surname.


  • The basic meaning of the word aviv is the stage in the growth of grain when the seeds have reached full size and are filled with starch, but have not dried yet. During the plague of hail (Exodus 9:31), the barley was said to be [in the] aviv [stage] and the flax [in the] giv`ol. This resulted in their destruction.
  • The month in the Hebrew calendar when the barley has reached or passed this stage (Exodus 13:4; 23:15) is called Aviv, or the "month of the aviv": the seventh of the Jewish civil year, and the first of the Biblical ecclesiastical year. It begins about the time of the Northern spring equinox (March 21). Since the Babylonian captivity, this month has mainly been called Nisan (Nehemiah 2:1, Esther 3:7). On the “day after the Shabbat” (the 16th of the month of Nissan according to the rabbis, and the first Sunday of Passover according to the Karaites[1]), the harvest was begun by gathering a sheaf of barley,[2] which was offered as a sacrifice to God (Lev 23:4-11), when the Temple in Jerusalem existed.
Karaites searching for Aviv barley at Ain Mabua, Judean Hills, Israel on 21 March 2019
  • "Aviv" in modern Hebrew accordingly also means spring, one of the four seasons. Thus the major modern Israeli city of Tel Aviv means "Spring Hill".[3]
  • Since Passover is always celebrated on 15–21 (or 22 outside Israel) Nisan, near the beginning of spring, "Holiday of Aviv". Pesach or Passover is always on the 14th of Nisan. The first day of Chag ha Matzoh or the Feast of Unleavened Bread is always the day after that, the 15th of Nisan.[4] Hebrew: חג האביב‎, romanizedChag Ha'Aviv is an additional name for Passover.

As a name[edit]

Aviv is also a Hebrew male and female name. The old and uncommon[5] Russian Christian male given name "Ави́в" (Aviv) was possibly also borrowed from Biblical Hebrew, where it derived from the word abīb, meaning an ear or a time of year where grains come into ear,[6] also known as "Aviv" (or Nisan—the first month of the Hebrew calendar).[7] The feminine version of the name is Aviva.[5] The diminutives of "Aviv" are Aviva (Ави́ва) and Viva (Ви́ва).[5] The patronymics derived from "Aviv" are "Ави́вович" (Avivovich; masculine) and "Ави́вовна" (Avivovna; feminine).[5]

Given name[edit]


  • Haim Aviv (born 1940), Israeli molecular biologist
  • Jonathan E. Aviv (born 1960), American surgeon and professor
  • Juval Aviv (born 1947), Israeli-American security consultant and writer


  1. ^ "On This Very Day | Karaite Insights | Karaites & Karaism". www.karaiteinsights.com. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  2. ^ Ruth 1:22;2:2
  3. ^ "From Spring Hill to Independence".
  4. ^ Leviticus 23:5,6
  5. ^ a b c d Н. А. Петровский (N. A. Petrovsky). "Словарь русских личных имён" (Dictionary of Russian First Names). ООО Издательство "АСТ". Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-17-002940-3, p. 34
  6. ^ А. В. Суперанская (A. V. Superanskaya). "Современный словарь личных имён: Сравнение. Происхождение. Написание" (Modern Dictionary of First Names: Comparison. Origins. Spelling). Айрис-пресс. Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-8112-1399-9, p. 22
  7. ^ А. В. Суперанская (A. V. Superanskaya). "Словарь русских имён" (Dictionary of Russian Names). Издательство Эксмо. Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-699-14090-5, p. 32

External links[edit]