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King of Tyre
Reign ended 981 BC
Predecessor unknown
Successor Hiram I 980 – 947 BC
Born unknown
Tyre, presumed
Died 981 or 980 BC
Dynasty Dynasty of Abibaal and Hiram I
Father unknown
Mother unknown

Abibaal (Phoenican and Hebrew Baal is my father) was a king of Tyre in the 10th century BC,[1] father of the famous Hiram I. The only information known about him is derived from two passages in Josephus's Against Apion, i.17 and i.18.[2] All that is said in these passages is that he preceded his son Hiram on the throne of Tyre. Neither his length of reign nor his immediate predecessors are known. The dating of Abibaal is therefore dependent on the dates assigned to his son, and here it is only the date of Abibaal's death that can be determined, based on the information preserved in Josephus regarding the length of time between the founding of Carthage (or from Dido's flight from Tyre) until the first year of Hiram. See the Hiram I article for details on the determination of this date.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miles, Richard (2010). Carthage Must Be Destroyed: The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization. United States: Penguin Books. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-14-312129-9. 
  2. ^ Lowell K. Handy, The Age of Solomon (Leiden: Brill, 1997) 162