Abies forrestii

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Abies forrestii
Abies forrestii var georgei.jpg
var. georgei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Abies
Species: A. forrestii
Binomial name
Abies forrestii
Coltm.-Rog.
Synonyms

Abies chengii Rushforth

Abies forrestii is a species of conifer in the family Pinaceae. It is endemic to China. It was named after George Forrest (1873-1932) who discovered it in Yunnan. Its common names include Forrest's fir.[1]

This species is variable in morphology, and there are several varieties. Some of these are treated as separate species.[1] In general, it grows up to about 20 meters tall. The needles are 1.5 to 4 centimeters long and the purplish, brown, or black cones are 7 to 12 centimeters long.[2]

Varieties include:[1]

  • A. forrestii var. ferreana (syn. Abies chayuensis)
  • A. forrestii var. forrestii (syn. Abies chengii)
  • A. forrestii var. georgei – George's fir
  • A. forrestii var. smithii

This species grows in the mountains of southwestern China, sometimes at high altitudes. At lower elevations it grows in mixed forests with species such as Picea likiangensis, Larix potaninii, Tsuga dumosa, and Betula albosinensis. It is sometimes a dominant member of the canopy in rhododendron woodlands.[1]

This tree is used for construction wood and pulp.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Zhang, D, Katsuki, T. & Rushforth, K. 2013. Abies forrestii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013. Downloaded on 28 April 2017.
  2. ^ Abies forrestii. Flora of China. eFloras.org