Abigail (name)

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Abigail
Neuvizy (Ardennes) Église Notre-Dame, vitrail 07.JPG
Abigail in a stained glass window in the Church of Notre-Dame de Neuvizy
Pronunciation/ˈæbɪɡl/ AB-i-gayl
GenderFemale
Language(s)Hebrew language
Origin
MeaningMy father is exulted
My father is joyful
Other names
See alsoAbby, Abbie, Abbey, Abi, Gail, Gayle, Gale

Abigail is a female given name. The name comes from the Hebrew name אֲבִיגַיִל / אֲבִיגָיִל Avigail, meaning "my father's joy" (alternatively "my father is exulted", or "my father is joyful" amongst others).[1][2] It is also a surname.

The name can be shortened to "Abbey", "Abby", "Abbi", "Abbie", "Abi", "Abs", or "Aby", as well as "Gail", "Gayle", among others.

Biblical name[edit]

Translations[edit]

  • Arabic: ابيجايل "Abigail" (Egypt) ابيغيل "Abighail" (other Arab countries).
  • Bengali: এবিগেল (Ēbigēla)
  • Biblical Greek: Abigaia
  • Biblical Hebrew: אביגיל
  • Bulgarian: Абигейл
  • Catalan: Abigail
  • Cantonese: 阿比基爾 (aa3 bei5 gei1 ji5)
  • Chinese Simplified: 阿比盖尔 (Ā bǐ gài ěr)
  • Chinese Traditional:艾比蓋兒
  • Danish: Abigail, Abigael
  • Dutch: Abigail, Abigaïl
  • Fijian:Apikali
  • French: Abigaïl, Abigaël
  • German: Abigail
  • Gujarati: એબીગેઇલ (Ēbīgē'ila)
  • Haitian Creole: Abigayèl
  • Hawaiian: Apikalia, ʻApikaʻila
  • Hebrew: אביגיל, Avigail / Abigail, אֲבִיגָיִל (ʾĂḇîḡáyil)
  • Hindi: सेविका (Sēvikā)
  • Hungarian: Abigél
  • Irish: Abigeál
  • Italian: Abigaille
  • Japanese: アビゲイル (Abigeiru)
  • Korean: 애비게일 (Aebigeil)
  • Macedonian: Авигеја (Avigeja)
  • Maori: Apikaira
  • Mongolian: Ивээл (ᠢᠪᠡᠭᠡᠯ)
  • Nepali: अबीगेलले (Abīgēlalē)
  • Persian: آبیگل - ابیگیل - ابیگل
  • Portuguese: Abigail
  • Punjabi: ਅਬੀਗੈਲ (Abīgaila)
  • Russian: Авиге́я (Avigeya); used predominantly in biblical contexts[4]
  • Serbian: Абигејл (Abigejl) but in biblical context Ависага (Avisaga) is used
  • Somali: Abiigayil
  • Spanish: Abigaíl
  • Swahili: Abigaeli
  • Swedish: Abigail
  • Ukrainian: Абіґейл
  • Urdu: ابیگیل
  • Yiddish: אַביגאַיל
  • Yoruba: Ábígẹlì

People with the given name[edit]

Used as a pseudonym:

  • Abigail Van Buren, pen name of Pauline Philips, pseudonymous author of the Dear Abby column

Fictional characters[edit]

People with the surname[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford paperback reference. Oxford University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  2. ^ from either the verbal root g-y-l "to rejoice" directly, or from the root noun gil "rejoicing, joy". Adele Berlin in: Carol L. Meyers, Toni Craven, Ross Shepard Kraemer (eds.), Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000, p. 43
  3. ^ Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abigail". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. pp. 32. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  4. ^ Superanskaya, p. 250

Sources[edit]

  • А. В. Суперанская (A. V. Superanskaya). "Современный словарь личных имён: Сравнение. Происхождение. Написание" (Modern Dictionary of First Names: Comparison. Origins. Spelling). Айрис-пресс. Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-8112-1399-9