Abigail (name)

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For usage of the single name "Abigail", see Abigail (disambiguation).
Pronunciation /ˈæbɡl/ AB-i-gayl
Gender Female
Language(s) Hebrew language
Other names
See also Abby, Abbie, Abbey, Abi, [Gail (disambiguation)

Abigail is a female given name. The name comes from the Hebrew name אֲבִיגַיִל / אֲבִיגָיִל Avigail, meaning "my father's joy" (alternatively "my father is exultation", or "my father is joy").[1] This name is becoming increasingly more popular in the U.S. in 2015.[citation needed]

Abigail was the wife of King David in the Hebrew Bible (Book of Samuel), and is described as an intelligent and beautiful woman.

The name Abigail or Abagale can be shortened to "Abby", "Abbey", "Abbi", "Abbie", "Abbe", "Abi", "Abbye", "Abs", or "Aby", as well as "Gail" or "Gayle".


  • Arabic: الوصيفة
  • Bengali: এবিগেল (Ēbigēla)
  • Biblical Greek: Abigaia
  • Biblical Hebrew: אביגיל
  • Catalan: Abigail
  • Chinese Simplified: 阿比盖尔 (Ā bǐ gài ěr)
  • Chinese Traditional: 阿比該
  • Danish: Abigail, Abigael
  • Dutch: Abigail, Abigaïl
  • English: Abegail, Abigayle
  • Fijian:Apikali
  • French: Abigaïl, Abigaël
  • German: Abigail
  • Gujarati: એબીગેઇલ (Ēbīgē'ila)
  • Haitian Creole: Abigayèl
  • Hawaiian: Apikalia, ʻApikaʻila
  • Hebrew: אביגיל, Avigail, אֲבִיגָיִל (ʾĂḇîḡáyil)
  • Hindi: सेविका (Sēvikā)
  • Hungarian: Abigél
  • Italian: Abigaille
  • Japanese: アビゲイル (Abigeiru)
  • Korean: 아비가일
  • Macedonian: Авигеја (Avigeja)
  • Maori: Apikaira
  • Nepali: अबीगेलले (Abīgēlalē)
  • Portuguese: Abigail
  • Punjabi: ਅਬੀਗੈਲ (Abīgaila)
  • Russian: Авиге́я (Avigeya); used predominantly in biblical contexts[2]
  • Serbian: Абигејл (Abigejl)
  • Somali: Abiigayil
  • Spanish: Abigaíl
  • Swedish: Abigail
  • Ukrainian: Абіґейл
  • Urdu: ابیگیل
  • Yiddish: אַביגאַיל
  • Yoruba: Ábígẹlì

People with the given name Abigail[edit]

Used as a pseudonym:

  • Abigail Van Buren, pen name of Pauline Philips, pseudonymous author of the Dear Abby column

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ from either the verbal root g-y-l "to rejoice" directly, or from the root noun gil "rejoicing, joy". Adele Berlin in: Carol L. Meyers, Toni Craven, Ross Shepard Kraemer (eds.), Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000, p. 43
  2. ^ Superanskaya, p. 250


  • А. В. Суперанская (A. V. Superanskaya). "Современный словарь личных имён: Сравнение. Происхождение. Написание" (Modern Dictionary of First Names: Comparison. Origins. Spelling). Айрис-пресс. Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-8112-1399-9