Abigail (name)

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Abigail
Pronunciation /ˈæbɪɡl/ AB-i-gayl
Gender Female
Language(s) Hebrew language
Other names
See also Abby, Abbie, Abbey, Abi, Gail, Gayle, Gale

Abigail is a female given name. The name comes from the Hebrew name אֲבִיגַיִל / אֲבִיגָיִל Avigail, meaning "my father's joy" (alternatively "my father is exultation", or "my father is joy").[1] It is also a surname.

Abigail was the wife of King David in the Hebrew Bible (Book of Samuel), and is described as an intelligent, beautiful, loyal woman. The name Abigail, Abagale or Abbigail can be shortened to "Abby", "Abbey", "Abbi", "Abbie", "Abbe", "Abi", "Abbye", "Abs", or "Aby", as well as "Gail" or "Gayle".

Translations[edit]

  • Arabic: ابيجايل "Abigail" (Egypt) ابيغيل "Abighail" (other Arab countries).
  • Bengali: এবিগেল (Ēbigēla)
  • Biblical Greek: Abigaia
  • Biblical Hebrew: אביגיל
  • Catalan: Abigail
  • Cantonese: 阿比基爾 (aa3 bei5 gei1 ji5)
  • Chinese Simplified: 阿比盖尔 (Ā bǐ gài ěr)
  • Chinese Traditional: 阿比該
  • Danish: Abigail, Abigael
  • Dutch: Abigail, Abigaïl
  • Fijian:Apikali
  • French: Abigaïl, Abigaël
  • German: Abigail
  • Gujarati: એબીગેઇલ (Ēbīgē'ila)
  • Haitian Creole: Abigayèl
  • Hawaiian: Apikalia, ʻApikaʻila
  • Hebrew: אביגיל, Avigail, אֲבִיגָיִל (ʾĂḇîḡáyil)
  • Hindi: सेविका (Sēvikā)
  • Hungarian: Abigél
  • Italian: Abigaille
  • Japanese: アビゲイル (Abigeiru)
  • Korean: 아비가일
  • Macedonian: Авигеја (Avigeja)
  • Maori: Apikaira
  • Nepali: अबीगेलले (Abīgēlalē)
  • Persian: آبیگل - ابیگیل - ابیگل
  • Portuguese: Abigail
  • Punjabi: ਅਬੀਗੈਲ (Abīgaila)
  • Russian: Авиге́я (Avigeya); used predominantly in biblical contexts[2]
  • Serbian: Абигејл (Abigejl) but in biblical context Ависага (Avisaga) is used
  • Somali: Abiigayil
  • Spanish: Abigaíl
  • Swedish: Abigail
  • Ukrainian: Абіґейл
  • Urdu: ابیگیل
  • Yiddish: אַביגאַיל
  • Yoruba: Ábígẹlì

People with the given name Abigail[edit]

Used as a pseudonym:

  • Abigail Van Buren, pen name of Pauline Philips, pseudonymous author of the Dear Abby column

Fictional characters[edit]

People with the surname[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ from either the verbal root g-y-l "to rejoice" directly, or from the root noun gil "rejoicing, joy". Adele Berlin in: Carol L. Meyers, Toni Craven, Ross Shepard Kraemer (eds.), Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000, p. 43
  2. ^ Superanskaya, p. 250

Sources[edit]

  • А. В. Суперанская (A. V. Superanskaya). "Современный словарь личных имён: Сравнение. Происхождение. Написание" (Modern Dictionary of First Names: Comparison. Origins. Spelling). Айрис-пресс. Москва, 2005. ISBN 5-8112-1399-9