Abigail Hobbs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Abigail Hobbs was a girl of about 14[1] to 16 years old when she was arrested for witchcraft on April 18, 1692 along with Giles Corey, Mary Warren, and Bridget Bishop. Prior to living in Salem Village (now Danvers, Massachusetts), she and her family had lived in Casco, Maine, the frontier of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, during a time when there were many attacks by the Wabanaki Native Americans.[2][why?] Her father William and stepmother, Deliverance Hobbs, were also both charged with witchcraft.

During her multiple examinations by local magistrates between April and June 1692,[3] Abigail confessed and accused others of witchcraft, including John Proctor. At her trial in September, she pleaded guilty to both indictments against her, one for afflicting Mercy Lewis[4] and another for covenanting with the Devil.[5] In her examination on April 20, 1692, Abigail Hobbs accused George Burroughs, the previous minister of Salem, of being a witch. With the naming of Minister Burroughs, a well-respected member of the community, many accusations came forth and climbed up the social hierarchy.[6]

Governor William Phips granted the Hobbs family a reprieve in January 1693, after Chief Magistrate William Stoughton had signed the warrant for her execution.[7] In 1710, her father, William Hobbs, petitioned the General Court to compensate him for £40 expenses that the family's imprisonment cost him but said he was willing to accept £10, which the court granted him in 1712. She was among those named in the Act for Reversal of Attainder by the Massachusetts Great and General Court, October 17, 1711.[why?]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosenthal, Bernard (1993). Salem Story. Cambridge University Press. pp. 43–45. 
  2. ^ Mary Beth Norton, In the Devil's Snare, Knopf: New York 2002
  3. ^ Paul S. Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, Salem Witchcraft Papers (henceforth SWP) DaCapo Press, 1977, pp. 405-409, pp. 410-412, 413
  4. ^ Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, SWP p. 414
  5. ^ SWP pp. 414-415.
  6. ^ Howe, Katherine (2014). The Penguin Book of Witches. New York, NY: Penguin Group. pp. 173–177. ISBN 9780143106180. 
  7. ^ "Letter No. 2" (William Phips to Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, February 21, 1693), SWP p. 865