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Abisares (or Abhisara;[1] in Greek Αβισαρης), called Embisarus (Εμβισαρος) by Diodorus,[2] was an Indian king beyond the river Hydaspes, whose territory lay in the mountains, sent embassies to Alexander the Great both before and after the conquest of Porus in 326, although inclined to espouse the side of the latter.[3] Alexander not only allowed him to retain his kingdom, but increased it, and on his death in 325 BC, Alexander appointed Abisares' son as his successor.[4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). "Alexander III (Alexander the Great)". Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition. 1.
  2. ^ Diodorus, Bibliotheca, xvii. 90
  3. ^ Flavius Arrianus Hist., Phil., Alexandri anabasis
    Book 5, chapter 20, section 5, line 4
    ανδρον ἔπεμψε, χρήματά τε κομίζοντα καὶ ἐλέφαντας
    τεσσαράκοντα δῶρον Ἀλεξάνδρῳ.
  4. ^ Waldemar Heckel: Who’s who in the age of Alexander the Great. Prosopography of Alexander’s empire. Blackwell, Oxford 2006, ISBN 978-1-4051-1210-9 (excerpt online).
  5. ^ Strabo Geogr., Geographica Book 15, chapter 1, section 28, line 11
  6. ^ Διοδ. ΙΖ, 87
  7. ^ Curt, VIII, 43, 13. XLVII, 1. IX, 1, 7, X, 3, 20

Other sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Abisares" . Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.