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Author Jean Forge
Original title Abismoj
Language Esperanto
Genre Romance novel
Publication date
1923; 1973 Helsinki
Media type Print (Paperback)
Pages 150 pp

Abismoj (English: Abysses) is a 1923 novel written by Jean Forge, the first he wrote originally in Esperanto. It describes and profoundly analyzes conflicts in the soul. Already there appear the greatest strengths of Forge's work, the original form, the figures themselves speak about themselves and about their problems; the form and the inventive narration style give this work important significance in Esperanto literature.

The core of this novel is a daily repeating story, but Forge is able with his masterful pen to make it interesting to the last word ... Strikingly clear style, popularly deep psychology and in absolutely classical Esperanto. (Jobo, Literatura Mondo 1923, p. 140).


Ernesto Muŝko (pron. Mushko) behaved badly and spent his wealth. A means of salvation suddenly appears: to marry Halino Borki, the sole daughter of a rich neighbor who through boredom and a yearning for love at first accepts his proposal. Mateo Ardo, an orphan, has been educated with Zonjo, and they get engaged. But Mateo by chance, having arrived at Mr. Borki's house, appeals to his daughter and is almost seduced by her. Muŝko burns his house in despair, while Mateo manages to escape from the sinful passion and return to his first love.

Main characters[edit]

  • Ernesto Muŝko, country estate owner in Karlovo
  • Halino Borki, daughter of a neighboring country estate owner in Nivi
  • Mateo Ardo, art painter
  • Zonjo Biringo, his fiancee

Adaptation for the theater[edit]

The novel was adapted by Arno Lagrange for the theater under the title Trajna sonĝo (~Train dream) and offered for an international production at the 72nd World Convention of Esperanto in Warsaw in 1987. The production however did not take place.


The first version of this article is a translation from the article "Abismoj" in Esperanto Wikipedia.


  • The First Period 1887-1920 Primitive Romanticism and the Establishment of Style 21
  • Mature Romanticism and a Literary Flowering 73
  • Parnassianism and the Coming of Age 159
  • PostParnassianism and Modernism 237
  • Popularization of the Novel Experimental Poetry Postmodernism 403
  • Outline of Esperantos Linguistic Outline of Esperantos Linguistic Outline of Esperantos Linguistic Outline of Esperantos Linguistic Outline of Espera 577
  • The Structure of Esperanto 580
  • Specimen Literary Texts 585
  • Vocabulary to the Specimen Literary Texts 594
  • General Bibliography including sources 603
  • Cited Translations from Original Esperanto Literature 661
  • Esperanto Culturesummary 671
  • Libraries and further information 673
  • Index 675