|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
Abja-Paluoja was first mentioned in 1505. Abja-Paluoja gained town rights in 1993 and became a sovereign municipality but in 1998 it was merged into surrounding rural municipality Abja Parish.
Since 1940, the Abja Gymnasium has offered secondary education. The kindergarten in Abja-Paluoja was founded in 1912.
Writer, journalist and cartoonist Karl August Hindrey was born at Abja Manor in 1875. Historian Mati Laur was born in Abja-Paluoja in 1955. Filmmaker, producer, screenwriter, journalist, and historian Riho Västrik was born in Abja-Paluoja in 1965.
- Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
- Keil, Andres (20 December 2008). "Riho Västrik: teadmisest on vähe, tahan kogeda". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian).
- Abja Gymnasium (in Estonian)