Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

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Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Аҧснытәи Автономтә Советтә Социалисттә Республика
აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა
Абхазская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика
Autonomous republic of the Georgian SSR


Flag of Abkhaz ASSR


"Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!"
Capital Sukhumi
Government Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
 •  Established 19 February 1931
 •  Disestablished 23 July 1991
Area 8,600 km2 (3,320 sq mi)

The Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic or Abkhaz ASSR (Abkhaz: Аҧснытәи Автономтә Советтә Социалисттә Республика, Apsnytůi Avtonomtů Sovettů Socialisttů Respublika; Georgian: აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა, Aṕxazeťis Avtonomiuri Sabçoťa Soćialisturi Respublika; Russian: Абхазская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика, Abkhaskaya Avtonomnaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Abkazhia or Abkazia was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the Georgian SSR. It came into existence in February 1931, when the Socialist Soviet Republic of Abkhazia (SSR Abkhazia or SSRA), originally created in March 1921, was transformed to the status of Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Georgian SSR.

The Abkhaz ASSR adopted its own constitution on 2 August 1937. The supreme organ of legislative power was the Supreme Soviet elected every 4 years and its Presidium. The executive power was vested with the Council of Ministers appointed by the Supreme Soviet. The Abkhaz ASSR had 11 representatives in the Council of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

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Part of a series on the
History of Abkhazia

Coordinates: 43°00′N 41°01′E / 43.000°N 41.017°E / 43.000; 41.017