Abner Wilcox

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Abner Wilcox
Abner Wilcox.jpg
Born (1808-04-19)April 19, 1808
Harwinton, Connecticut
Died August 20, 1869(1869-08-20) (aged 61)
Colebrook, Connecticut
Occupation Educator

Abner Wilcox (April 19, 1808 – August 20, 1869) was a missionary teacher from New England to the Kingdom of Hawaii.


Abner Wilcox was born April 19, 1808 in Harwinton, Connecticut. His father was Aaron Wilcox (1770–1850) and mother was Lois Phelps. He was fourth of nine children.[1] On November 23, 1836 he married Lucy Eliza Hart who was born November 17, 1814 in Cairo, New York. They were assigned to be in the eighth company of missionaries to Hawaii for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. The sailed from Boston on December 14, 1836 on the bark Mary Frasier and arrived in Honolulu on April 9, 1837. Also on this voyage were missionaries Amos Starr Cooke and Samuel Northrop Castle, founders of Castle & Cooke. The Wilcoxes taught at the Hilo Mission boarding school founded by David Belden Lyman and his wife on the Island of Hawaiʻi.[2] They had four sons born while at Hilo.

Restored Waiʻoli Mission Hall

In 1845 they moved to Waialua on the island of Oʻahu. In 1846 the family moved to teach at a similar school at the Waiʻoli Mission near Hanalei, Hawaii on the northern coast of the island of Kauaʻi. There they had four more sons, although one died young.[3]

His wife died August 13, 1869, and he died one week later on August 20, 1869 in Colebrook, Connecticut on a visit to relatives. They were buried at Colebrook. In the Hawaiian language the family was known as Wilikoki.[4]

Children were:

  1. Charles Hart Wilcox was born April 8, 1838 in Hilo, married Frances A. Van Water (1846–1917), had four children, and died September 25, 1888 in Oroville, California.[5][6]
  2. George Norton Wilcox (1839–1933) became an Engineer, politician, and businessman.
  3. Edward Payson Wilcox was born September 2, 1841 in Hilo, married Mary P. H. Rockwell, moved to Winsted, Connecticut, and died on July 23, 1919.
  4. Albert Spencer Wilcox (1844–1919) became a businessman and politician.
  5. Samuel Whitney Wilcox was born September 19, 1847 at Waiʻoli, married Emma Washburn Lyman (daughter of the Hilo missionaries) on October 7, 1874, served in the legislature of the Territory of Hawaii from 1901 through 1905,[7] and died on May 23, 1929 in Honolulu. Their two sons inherited their uncle George's estate including Grove Farm. Ralph Lyman Wilcox (1876–1913) married Anna Charlotte Rice, daughter of William Hyde Rice and granddaughter of missionary William Harrison Rice on February 17, 1903. Gaylord Parke Wilcox (1881–1970) in 1909 married Ethel Kulamanu Mahelona, stepdaughter of his uncle Albert Wilcox. Their estate called Kilohana is now a tourist attraction.[8]
  6. William Luther Wilcox was born July 8, 1850 at Waiʻoli, married native Hawaiian Kahuila from Molokaʻi,[9] became a judge, and died July 12, 1903.[10]
  7. Clarence Sheldon Wilcox was born November 14, 1855 at Waiʻoli, but died less than a year later on September 8, 1856.
  8. Henry Harrison Wilcox was born March 23, 1858 at Waiʻoli, married Mary Theodosia Green (1865–1936), granddaughter of missionary Jonathan Smith Green (but they had no children), and committed suicide January 11, 1899 after a painful illness.[11]

In 1912 Sam, George, and Albert Wilcox donated funds for a new church at Waiʻoli, and the old one was converted to a hall.[12]

He was no relation to Robert William Wilcox (1855–1903) who was a military commander in several rebellions and then first delegate to US Congress from Hawaii.

Family tree[edit]


  1. ^ "Descendants of Ralph Hutchinson: Fifth Generation (Continued)". Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1901). Portraits of American Protestant missionaries to Hawaii. Honolulu: Hawaiian gazette company. p. 70. 
  3. ^ Gary T. Cummins (March 24, 1973). "Waioli Mission nomination form" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved September 25, 2010. 
  4. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Wilikoki ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  5. ^ Hawaiian Mission Children's Society (1920). Annual report. p. 157. 
  6. ^ "Descendants of Ralph Hutchinson: Sixth Generation (Continued)". Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Wilcox, Samuel W. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Kilohana Plantation". official web site. Archived from the original on 30 August 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  9. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of Wilcox ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Death Comes Painlessly to Judge Wilcox Since Boyhood His Life was Devoted to the Service of the Hawaiian Government". The Hawaiian Gazette. July 14, 1903. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Ended His Pain: Harassing Illness Drove Henry Wilcox Mad". The Hawaiian Gazette. January 17, 1899. Retrieved September 25, 2010. 
  12. ^ "A brief history of Waiʻoli Huiʻia Church". official web site. Retrieved September 22, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]