In mathematics, in the field of group theory, an abnormal subgroup is a subgroup H of a group G such that for every x ∈ G, x lies in the subgroup generated by H and H x, where Hx denotes the conjugate subgroup xHx-1.
Here are some facts relating abnormality to other subgroup properties:
- Every abnormal subgroup is a self-normalizing subgroup, as well as a contranormal subgroup.
- The only normal subgroup that is also abnormal is the whole group.
- Every abnormal subgroup is a weakly abnormal subgroup, and every weakly abnormal subgroup is a self-normalizing subgroup.
- Every abnormal subgroup is a pronormal subgroup, and hence a weakly pronormal subgroup, a paranormal subgroup, and a polynormal subgroup.
- Fattahi, Abiabdollah (January 1974). "Groups with only normal and abnormal subgroups". Journal of Algebra. Elsevier. 28 (1): 15–19. doi:10.1016/0021-8693(74)90019-2.
- Zhang, Q. H. (1996). "Finite groups with only seminormal and abnormal subgroups". J. Math. Study. 29 (4): 10–15.
- Zhang, Q. H. (1998). "Finite groups with only ss-quasinormal and abnormal subgroups". Northeast. Math. J. 14 (1): 41–46.
- Zhang, Q. H. (1999). "s-semipermutability and abnormality in ﬁnite groups". Comm. Algebra. 27 (9): 4515–4524. doi:10.1080/00927879908826711.
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