|Nickname(s): California of India|
|Founded by||sitto gunno|
|Elevation||180 m (590 ft)|
|• Dialect||Bagri and Rajasthani|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||PB-15 and PB-22|
River Satluj streaming by its side, Abha Nagari, some 550 years ago, was a fabulous city of India. As one enters Abohar, one sees the remains of the ancient city Abha Nagri, a big mound of sand and stones which is known as Theh among local people. This mound is not just a dune of sand because a historical city and a big palace built by a Suryavanshi king Aabu-Chandni are buried under it.
Another legendary dune named ''Panjpeer'' is just 150 m (490 ft) away from Theh with NIRAJ tombs of five pirs on this mound. The beautiful Aabu city was destroyed by the curse of these pirs (soothsayers). A big fair is held on this mound every Thursday. King Harichand ruled Aabu Nagar after King Aabu-Chandni and had only one daughter. She was very impressive, a good shooter and fond of riding also. Once the king fell victim to leprosy. Someone told the king that he could recover only with the blood of the horses of five pirs of Multan. The brave daughter of the king snatched 81 horses of five pirs along with their goods, but king Harichand succumbed to the disease. Five pirs sent many request to get their horses back, but the princess refused to give their horses back.
At last, the five pirs came to Abu city from Multan to get back their horses and camped on a hillock of sand near present Abohar. Many days passed but the princess did not give back their horses. The wives of five pirs came to Aabu city in search of their husbands. The pirs became angry on seeing them and cursed them due to which they were buried under the earth.
There is another mound at a distance of about 60 m (200 ft) from Panjpeer, where their tombs are erected. The five pirs got angry, for not being returned their horses, and destroyed the Aabu Nagar with their divine powers, according to popular legends.
At the time of partition of India in 1947, the city witnessed bloodshed due to Hindu-Muslim riots as this was the last main town along Delhi-Bahawalpur sector. Much of the local community lives in the town with the feeling of harmony and common brotherhood today. All sections, castes, religious sects visit Panj Peer.
Guru Nanak Dev also visited Abohar. A sikh temple named Nanaksar was made in the memory of this visit.
Many other achievements in academic, agriculture, industry, innovations, infrastructure and a big grain market are particularly noteworthy. Its main business mandi is called Darwaza.
In the dark days of terrorism in Punjab in 1990s, Abohar also saw a painful period of terrorism. In March 1990, 32 innocent people were killed by terrorists in an indiscriminate firing at crowded Sadar Bazar of Abohar.
Abohar is very well connected by rail and road network. The nearest airport is Bhatinda , However it is not commercial operational. Hence air connectivity is through Amristsar, Chandigarh or Delhi
This research started with the establishment of Regional Fruit Research Station in 1964 which was officially inaugurated in 1969.
The plant grown most is Kinnow also known as "Aboharvi santra". Kinnow was brought to India in 1949 from California as a hybrid fruit of citrus category coming under Orange fruit.
So, Abohar is also known as California of India. It is more sweet than orange and is easier to grow.
Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET), ICAR institute is located on the outskirts of city where research is carried out and training is given on post-harvest aspects of fruits and vegetables. it is also the biggest trade industry in india
Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary
Abohar Wildlife Sanctuary was notified provisionally in 1975 and finally in 2000 under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
Area is 186.5 km2 (72.0 sq mi)
The sanctuary is spread over land of thirteen villages inhabited by the Bishnoi community.
The forest in the sanctuary is a tropical dry mixed deciduous forest.
Bishnoi community on its own has joined hands to protect the black buck deer.