Abolition of Prussia

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The formal abolition of Prussia (German: Abschaffung von Preußen) occurred on 25 February 1947, by decree of the Allied Control Council.


Prussia was a region connecting the rest of Germany by land to Russia. Prussia was once the leading state of the German Empire. After World War I resulted in the allies giving the Danzig Corridor in East Prussia to Poland, this made trade between the two nations more difficult. After World War II, Prussia's land east of the Oder-Neisse line was divided between Poland and Russia, who annexed the territories.

This resulted in the 1954 disbanding of the Prussian Academy of Arts.[1] In 1972 the Prussian Academy of Sciences was renamed. It was abolished and replaced by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities in 1992 as part of German Reunification.

Law 46[edit]

Control Council Law No. 46:

The Prussian State which from early days has been a bearer of militarism and reaction in Germany has de facto ceased to exist.

Guided by the interests of preservation of peace and security of peoples and with the desire to assure further reconstruction of the political life of Germany on a democratic basis, the Control Council enacts as follows:
Article I
The Prussian State together with its central government and all its agencies are abolished.
Article II
Territories which were a part of the Prussian State and which are at present under the supreme authority of the Control Council will receive the status of Länder or will be absorbed into Länder.
The provisions of this Article are subject to such revision and other provisions as may be agreed upon by the Control Council, or as may be laid down in the future Constitution of Germany.
Article III
The State and administrative functions as well as the assets and liabilities of the former Prussian State will be transferred to appropriate Länder, subject to such agreements as may be necessary and made by the Allied Control Council.
Article IV
This law becomes effective on the day of its signature.
Signed in Berlin on February 25, 1947.

Control Council Law No. 46, signed on 25 February, liquidates the State of Prussia, its central government, and all its agencies. This law is in the nature of a confirming action; the eleven provinces and administrative districts of prewar Prussia have since the beginning of the occupation been split up among the Soviet, British, and American Zones and Poland.[2]

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  1. ^ "Sinn und Form": The Anatomy of a Literary Journal. p. 377. Künste Berlin contains the archives that have been accumulated since 1696 in the various incarnations of the present Berlin Academy of Arts: from the Prussian Academy of Arts, which ceased to exist with the abolition of Prussia after 1945
  2. ^ Excerpt from Legal and Judicial Affairs (Bimonthly Review), OMGUS Report No. 20, 1 Jan–28 Feb 1947.


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