|First appearance||Tales to Astonish #90 (Apr. 1967)|
|Created by||Stan Lee
|Alter ego||Emil Blonsky|
Masters of Evil
|Notable aliases||Agent R-7, The Ravager of Worlds|
|Abilities||Superhuman strength, speed, stamina and durability
Regenerative healing factor
Underwater breathing via gills
Ability to enter suspended animation for long period of time
The Abomination (Emil Blonsky) is a fictional supervillain that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in Tales to Astonish #90 (April 1967), and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Gil Kane, to be the rival of the Hulk.
Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, the character of the Abomination has been featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as arcade and video games, animated television series, merchandise such as action figures and trading cards, and the 2008 film The Incredible Hulk.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional character biography
- 3 Powers and abilities
- 4 Related characters
- 5 Other versions
- 6 In other media
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Stan Lee chose the name "the Abomination," which he realized belonged to no other character, before conceiving the character's background and appearance. Lee recalled that he simply told the artist Gil Kane to "make him bigger and stronger than the Hulk and we'll have a lot of fun with him."
Emil Blonsky first appeared in the title Tales to Astonish, and was introduced as a KGB agent and spy who became the Abomination after deliberately exposing himself to a greater quantity of the same gamma radiation that transformed Bruce Banner into his alter ego the Hulk, using a machine Banner was planning on using to commit suicide. In his first appearance, Blonsky became a large scaly humanoid even stronger than the Hulk. In accordance with Lee's wishes, the character defeated the Hulk in their first battle.
The character has been featured in a number of Marvel titles, gradually shifting from unthinking savage brute, to master schemer, to tortured soul, and finally repentant villain and occasional defender of the weak before being killed in battle.
Fictional character biography
Emil Blonsky was born in Russia and became a KGB agent who was sent to an Air Force Base in New Mexico to photograph equipment when he bombarded himself with a much higher dose of gamma radiation and transforms for the first time when Bruce Banner walks in and is nearly killed. The Hulk is revived by General Thunderbolt Ross using radioactive rays. The Hulk eventually reverts to Banner, who lures the Abomination into a trap and drains off the Abomination's excess power, allowing the Hulk to defeat him. The entire encounter is observed by the cosmic entity the Stranger, who encountered the Hulk in the previous storyline when he planned to control his mind and use him to wipe out most of humanity so the survivors could build a better civilization, but was dissuaded from destroying the Earth by Banner's noble actions. He takes the Abomination - judged to be evil - off world for further study.
The Abomination reappears when summoned by a coven of witches to briefly battle the cosmic hero the Silver Surfer and summons Thor (via an absent Stranger's technology) to aid him in escaping the Stranger's laboratory world. Thor frees the Abomination and the other captives, but, on discovering they are all evil, uses his mystic hammer Mjolnir to time travel several hours into the past to undo his mistake. After defeating the Abomination and placing the Abomination in prison, Thor departs. When the Hulk is defeated by the alien Xeron the Star Slayer (who is in New York City hunting a giant creature called Klaatu) and brought aboard a space vessel, the Abomination is revealed to be first mate of the alien crew. When the captain of the vessel directs Xeron and the crew to battle Klaatu in space, the Hulk and the Abomination are thrown from the vessel and battle until the pair are drawn into Earth's orbit and separated.
It is revealed in flashback that the Abomination entered into a coma on impacting with the Earth and is buried for two years. Revived by an off-course missile fired from Hulkbuster Base (under Ross' jurisdiction), the Abomination joins forces with General Ross to defeat the Hulk, but is battered into submission by an angered Hulk. The Abomination reappears with fellow Hulk foe the Rhino, and the pair activates a gamma bomb at the Hulkbuster base in an attempt to destroy the Hulk. The Hulk's companion of the time, Jim Wilson, deactivates the bomb and the Hulk tricks the villains during combat, forcing them to collide and knock each other unconscious. A comatose Abomination is eventually found by soldiers at Ross' direction and has a miniature bomb implanted in his skull, being told to fight and defeat the Hulk or be killed. The Abomination tricks the Hulk into an alliance and betrays Ross by attempting to ransom the captured Kennedy Space Center. The plan fails when the Hulk turns on the Abomination and the pair fight, with the Abomination being caught on a rocket when it explodes.
An illusion of the Abomination also appears with other Hulk foes when the Hulk (at the time possessing the intelligence of Banner) enters the brain of Colonel Glenn Talbot at microscopic size to excise a tumor.
The Abomination eventually reappears as a servant of the entity the Galaxy Master, having been empowered with even greater strength. After another extended battle with the Hulk, the Hulk attacks and destroys the Galaxy Master, causing the villain to weaken and apparently become lost in space. When Hulk foe MODOK invades the Hulkbuster base, he colludes with General Ross to revive the Abomination, who was found in a block of ice above Earth and kept in cryogenic storage for further study. MODOK intends to use the Abomination against his superiors at Advanced Idea Mechanics (AIM), while Ross hopes the villain will destroy the Hulk. The Abomination, however, has become afraid of the Hulk and has to be mentally forced by MODOK to fight. MODOK, however, is ousted by AIM, and a hesitant Abomination is beaten by the Hulk when he intervenes to save Banner's laboratory assistant. The Abomination refuses to rejoin the fight, and is disintegrated by MODOK.
The Abomination is restored by the demonic entity Mephisto, who directs the Abomination and other villains against the cosmic entity the Beyonder. The restoration is temporary as a still disembodied Abomination's particles mingle with the mind of the villain Tyrannus, who reintegrates the Abomination under his control. Tyrannus as the Abomination then comes into conflict with the Gray Hulk, and quickly defeats the weaker version of the Hulk. When the Hulk reverts to Banner, Tyrannus forces him to create a procedure that will separate Blonsky, who is mentally fighting Tyrannus for control of the Abomination. The process is successful and Blonksy is restored to a human form, free of Tyrannus, still occupying the form of the Abomination. An enraged Gray Hulk defeats Tyrannus, who is placed into custody by the organization S.H.I.E.L.D.
After encounters against Avengers Wonder Man and Hawkeye, the Tyrannus-controlled Abomination reappears during the "Atlantis Attacks" storyline with Deviant Ghaur freeing Tyrannus from the body of the Abomination and placing Blonsky's mind within the creature once more. The process drives Blonksy insane, and he battles heroes Spider-Man and She-Hulk, managing to knock both unconscious. The Abomination is eventually driven off when placed on fire by She-Hulk. The Abomination's mental faculties eventually return and the Abomination reappears in the "Countdown" storyline as a pawn of another Hulk foe, the Leader. The Abomination is sent to a toxic waste site to collect samples, and encounters the gray version of the Hulk, who is outmatched and also weak due to being poisoned. The Hulk, however, throws the Abomination into toxic waste that partially dissolves the Abomination.
The Abomination temporarily teams with villains Titania and Gargantua and finds and stalks his former wife, Nadia (a famous ballet dancer). The Abomination captures her and after taking her into the New York City sewers, reveals his true identity. After a brief skirmish, the Hulk persuades the Abomination to free his wife. The Abomination is also captured by the robot Sentinels but eventually freed by the mutant X-Men.
After befriending a woman who finds her way into the sewers, the Abomination battles Namor during an attempt to save his kidnapped former wife. The Abomination retaliates against the NYPD when the police commissioner orders the sewers be cleared of all homeless. After killing several police officers, he is eventually driven away when confronted by the Hulk. The Abomination battles the mutant Nate Grey (who is searching the sewers for a colleague), who uses his mental abilities to trick the Abomination in thinking that he defeated Grey. He battles a delusional Hulk, before encountering the Angel when the mutant visits the sewers in which he was once captured and maimed during the "Fall of the Mutants" storyline.
When Betty Ross dies in the title Hulk, Banner mistakenly thinks her proximity to the Hulk has induced a fatal case of radiation poisoning. Using a gamma device, a vindictive General Ross tracks what he believes to be the Hulk to a destroyed town, where the Abomination reveals he was the true culprit. Despite baiting a newly arrived Hulk, the Abomination is unable to force the Hulk to fight and departs.
The circumstances of Betty's death are eventually revealed: Blonksy's transformation into the Abomination apparently alienates his former wife Nadia, driving his hatred of Banner; Blonsky, deciding to deprive Banner of Betty in return, secretly poisons her with his radioactive blood. After hearing the Abomination's admission, Banner eventually discovers the truth and the Hulk defeats the Abomination in combat. Taken into custody by the military, Blonsky is forced to watch old home movies of him and his wife together (prior to his transformation) as punishment. Operatives from a secret organization "Home Base" eventually release the Abomination to battle the Hulk, and although able to taunt the Hulk about Betty's murder, he is defeated once again. This encounter is revealed to be a dream generated by longtime Doctor Strange foe Nightmare in an effort to torture the Hulk.
After a humorous encounter with the demigod Hercules, in which the Abomination is chosen as an adversary for the hero while he completes the modern version of the twelve Labours of Hercules, the Abomination is pardoned and employed by the U.S government as a hitman against hostile foreign powers. The Abomination is also a conflicted opponent for the heroine She-Hulk (currently employed by spy organization S.H.I.E.L.D.). The Abomination has a subtle but significant role in the World War Hulk storyline, being the source of gamma-irradiated DNA that allows the creation of an anti-Hulk response team.
The Abomination reappears after the events of World War Hulk, encountering a new foe called the Red Hulk. This new opponent savagely beats, shoots, and kills the Abomination. The Abomination reappears in the court of the death god Pluto, attacking the Olympian god when he loses power over the dead. Later on, it is revealed that the Abomination's killer, the Red Hulk, is actually General Ross's gamma-powered alter ego; he killed Blonsky as an act of revenge for his deliberate gamma poisoning (and later death) of Ross's daughter Betty.
During the "Chaos War" storyline, Abomination is among the dead characters in the Underworld that Pluto liberated in order to help defend the Underworld from Amatsu-Mikaboshi. Abomination fights the Hulk and his allies until Marlo Chandler taps into the Death essence within her to destroy his undead body.
A shadow organization (later revealed to be the Ancient Order of the Shield) bent on gaining control of the Hulk harvests biological material from a mortally-wounded Bruce Banner. After Banner regains consciousness following the experiment and escapes as the Hulk, the organization uses this material to resurrect the Abomination under their control, leaving him "free of a mind or a conscience" and with an ability to seek out Banner/Hulk for retrieval. The Hulk defeats the Abomination yet again with the aid of the Avengers, and Iron Man uses technology taken from Order of the Shield agents to teleport the Abomination into interplanetary space, estimated to be "somewhere in the vicinity of Jupiter".
Powers and abilities
The Abomination is similar to the Hulk in terms of strength, stamina, speed and durability, and the ability to regenerate. In contrast with the Hulk, he retains his intellect after transforming, and cannot change back into human form. He also possesses gills, enabling underwater breathing; and, he can enter a state of suspended animation when bereft of oxygen for long periods. Originally, the Abomination is twice as strong as the Hulk, but unlike the Hulk his strength does not increase/decrease in proportion to level of anger, with the result that the Hulk is able to gain an advantage over Blonsky if the fight takes a sufficient amount of time for his anger to increase.
After being further empowered by Amatsu-Mikaboshi, the Abomination is considerably larger than before, can project hellfire and is strong enough to rip off the shell of his successor A-Bomb (something which the Red Hulk had previously been unable to do).
There were some characters that are related to Abomination in appearance:
Abominatrix is a female counterpart of Abomination. Florence Sharples was the manager at Jasper Keaton's savings and loans company. She became Abominatrix due to a failed medical experiment done by Jasper Keaton's medical facility and fought She-Hulk.
Teen Abomination is a 13-year-old who got exposed to gamma radiation and became a teenage version of Abomination. One day when he was five years old, Jamie Carlson got sick and her mother Katrina had to take him to her job at Stark Industries due to being unable to find a babysitter. It was the day of the demonstration of a gamma-powered equipment. During the test, the device malfunctioned and exploded. The accident led Katrina to be fired. Unbeknown to anybody, Jamie had been exposed to the gamma radiation. One day when he was thirteen, Jamie was bullied by other teenagers and his skateboard ended up being broken. He returned to his house and his mother tried to console him. However, her attempts frustrated him even more and he transformed into an Abomination-like creature. The physical damage to the house he caused after transforming resulted in an explosion which killed Katrina.
Teen Abomination was imprisoned but later broke free and went to Stark Island searching for Iron Man. Iron Man confronted him, but soon Teen Abomination demanded Stark to listen to him. After being asked what did he want, Teen Abomination replied that he had tried Extremis, but it didn't work on him so he was looking for Tony Stark wanting his help. Iron Man stated that he could use him.
Jamie started living in Stark Island in secrecy where Stark would investigate his condition.
The Ultimate version of the Abomination appears in the Ultimate Marvel imprint title The Ultimates 2, as part of an international group called the Liberators. This version of the Abomination is a Chinese scientist named Chang Lam. Dr. Lam was working to create a more efficient version of the Hulk. When he believed his research was complete, he used it on himself. When he transformed he retained control of his permanently enhanced form because of his lack of mental disorders. He was, at the time of its inception, serving with the Liberators. He was last seen in the Liberators' fight with the Ultimates, battling with Hulk. He believed that his intact intellect would allow him to easily beat the Hulk, but ended up being dismembered and decapitated in their duel.
The Ultimate Emil Blonsky makes his debut in Ultimate Comics: Ultimates #27 and is part of Nick Fury's Howling Commandos team under the codename "The Abomination" as a result of scars across his face.
The character also stars in the limited series Abominations, which continues plot points from the Future Imperfect storyline. A group of time travelling assassins from the time of the villain the Maestro - sent by an alternate version of the Abomination called "Emil" - arrive in the present, intent on killing Betty-6, a futuristic version of Betty Ross who is pregnant with the Maestro's child. The Abomination provides shelter for Betty-6 and prevents the assassination.
A zombified Abomination appears in Marvel Zombies: Dead Days after the zombified Hulk infects him by biting him on the arm. Thor apparently killed him when he destroys his head with Mjolnir, his mighty hammer.
Anime "Disc Wars Avengers"
Abomination appears together with Tiger Shark, MODOK, Baron Zemo, Graviton as Masters of Evil, sealed in a DISC.[volume & issue needed]
In other media
- Abomination appears in The Incredible Hulk animated series, voiced initially by Kevin Schon, and later by Richard Moll. He, alongside Gargoyle and Ogress, serve the Leader as one of his Gamma Warriors.
- Abomination is featured in The Super Hero Squad Show voiced by Steven Blum. He is a member of Doctor Doom's Lethal Legion and along with MODOK acts as the group's comic relief.
- Abomination appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes. He is a member of the Masters of Evil.
- Abomination appears in the Lego Marvel Super Heroes: Maximum Overload mini-series, voiced again by Robin Atkin Downes.
- Abomination appears in the Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. episode "Abomination", voiced again by Robin Atkin Downes. Besides his history with Hulk, Emil Blonsky became Abomination through an experiment by Thunderbolt Ross (acting under the orders of his superiors) to combat against the Hulk. However, Hulk had defeated Abomination, who then went out of control went by going on a rampage against a city while almost killed hundreds of citizens, thus becoming a bigger danger to the world than the Hulk. A remorseful Thunderbolt Ross had Abomination trapped in a stasis capsule which was placed at the bottom of the ocean. Some years later, Abomination escaped and infiltrated the Agents of S.M.A.S.H.'s base to get his revenge on Hulk and Thunderbolt Ross (who has become Red Hulk during those years) where he tranquilized Skaar, She-Hulk, and Devil Dinosaur and even defeated A-Bomb (Abomination had some special goggles that can detect A-Bomb's invisibility). Then Abomination activated a gamma bomb and even a rocket that he would use to get away. During Hulk's fight with Abomination, Red Hulk placed the gamma bomb into the rocket. After Abomination knocks Hulk and Red Hulk from the rocket, he discovers too late that the gamma bomb he activated is on the rocket. Following the explosion in the sky, Red Hulk states to the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. that it was unlikely that Abomination perished in the explosion. In the episode "Monsters No More," Abomination appears as a member of Leader's Agents of C.R.A.S.H. In the episode "Homecoming," Abomination has been pardoned and was reinstated into the U.S. Army. With the Hulkbusters in his possession, Abomination became ruler of Vista Verde where he enforced some strict laws. Upon their return to Earth, the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. end up fighting Abomination and the Hulkbusters. When Leader begs for Abomination to rescue him, Abomination states that the U.S. Army is his master. During the fight, Abomination uses a special light to copy Red Hulk's retina data so that he can control the Gamma Hammer into attacking other nations. While Hulk destroyed the Gamma Hammer, Abomination was caught in the explosion. Red Hulk stated that it was unlikely that Abomination perished. In the episode "Spidey, I Blew Up the Dinosaur", Abomination chases the Hulks with the aid of the Hulkbusters in New York City. In the episode "The Dopplesmashers", he uses evil gamma-powered doppelgangers of the Hulks to frame them for an attack on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Tri-Carrier so he can use it to destroy the Cheyenne Mountain nuclear bunker and cause World War III. In the episode "The Big Green Mile", he was seen as the warden of a prison where the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. are placed. He planned to eliminate them but was thwarted when S.H.I.E.L.D. arrived. In the episode "The Defiant Hulks", he's seen in his hometown village in Russia hiding from the government after the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. were pardoned. After Red Hulk and Skaar defeat and capture him, they're attacked by the Red Ghost and his Super Apes who planned to absorb Abomination's gamma energy to create an army of Abomin-Apes. After the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. defeat them Red Hulk mentions that Abomination was arrested and taken into S.H.I.E.L.D. custody. In the episode "Spirit of Vengeance", while the S.M.A.S.SH.-ers are transporting Abomination to a top-secret prison in Death Valley, they are waylaid by Ghost Rider. Abomination is tried and sentenced on the spot and drained of his gamma energy by Ghost Rider's penance stare, becoming Emil Blonsky again.
- Emil Blonsky appears in the 2008 film The Incredible Hulk, played by Tim Roth who also supplied the motion capture and voice for Abomination, which is digitally enhanced. In the movie's storyline, Blonsky was a Russian-born English soldier who wanted to relive his glory days and volunteered to be injected with a sample of the Super Soldier Serum which was frozen for decades. However, it only made Blonsky crave more power as he forces Dr. Samuel Sterns to subject him to Banner's blood despite being warned of unstable side effects. As Abomination, he runs amok in New York's Harlem district before being defeated by Hulk.
- In an interview with Craveonline, Roth revealed that he was offered to reprise his role in Avengers: Age of Ultron, but plans fell through during pre-production.
- Abomination appears in Heroes United: Iron Man & Hulk, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes. He is hired by Hydra scientists Dr. Cruler and Dr. Fump to capture Hulk to be used in an experiment.
- Abomination appears as the final boss in The Incredible Hulk for the Game Boy Advance.
- Tim Roth reprises his role as Emil Blonsky in the video game adaptation of The Incredible Hulk, while Abomination is voiced by Jon Curry and Abomination's vocal effects are provided by Jeffrey Parker.
- Abomination is featured as a recurring enemy in the Marvel Super Hero Squad video game and its sequel, voiced by Steven Blum.
- Steven Blum reprises his role of Abomination in the game Marvel Super Hero Squad: Comic Combat.
- Abomination appears as a villain character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online.
- Abomination makes a cameo appearance in the crossover fighting game Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 in the free DLC mode "Heroes and Heralds" as an ability card, granting the user a Health increase.
- Abomination appears as a playable character and a boss in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced again by Steven Blum.
- Abomination appears as a playable character in the Marvel Contest of Champions video game for IOS/Android.
- Abomination is featured in the first series of Toy Biz' Hulk Classics line of action figures.
- A second and larger Abomination is featured in Marvel Legends Series 13.
- An action figure of the Abomination based on the character in the 2008 film was released in May, 2008.
- Abomination appears in the stand alone Marvel comics expansion of Heroscape.
- In 2010, the Abomination is the 51st figure released in the Marvel Select line of action figures.
- "Abomination is number 54". IGN. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Tim Lammers (2008-06-11). "Stan Lee Pumped Over Return Of 'Incredible Hulk'". KCRA-TV. Retrieved 2008-06-24.
- DeFalco, Tom (2006). The Marvel Encyclopedia. Dorling Kindersley. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7566-2358-6.
- Tales to Astonish #90 - 91 (April - May 1967)
- Thor #178 (July 1970)
- Hulk #382 - 384 (June - Aug. 1991)
- Hulk #431 -432 (July - Aug. 1995)
- Hulk vol. 2, #1 - 2 (Feb. - March 2008)
- Tales to Astonish #89 (Apr. 1967)
- Silver Surfer #12 (Jan. 1970)
- Incredible Hulk #136 - 137 (Mar. - Apr. 1971)
- Hulk #159 (Jan. 1973)
- Incredible Hulk #171 (Jan. 1974)
- Incredible Hulk #194 - 196 (Dec. 1975 - Feb. 1976)
- Incredible Hulk #200 (June 1976)
- Incredible Hulk #270 (Apr. 1982)
- Incredible Hulk #287 - 290 (Sep. - Nov. 1983)
- Secret Wars II #1 - 9 (July 1985 - Mar. 1986)
- Incredible Hulk Annual #15 (Jan. 1986)
- West Coast Avengers #25 (Oct. 1987)
- Solo Avengers #12 (Nov. 1988)
- Amazing Spider-Man Annual #23 (1989)
- Incredible Hulk #364 - 367 (Dec. 1989 - Mar. 1990)
- Hulk Annual #19 (Jan. 1991)
- Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 2, #6 - 8 (July; Oct & Dec. 1991)
- Hulk Annual #20 (Jan. 1994)
- Namor, the Sub-Mariner #58 - 59 (Jan. - Feb. 1995)
- Incredible Hulk #431 -432 (July - Aug 1995)
- X-Man Vol. 2 #19 - 20 (Sep. - Oct. 1996)
- Incredible Hulk #459 (Dec. 1997
- X-Men Vol. 22 #74 (Apr. 1998)
- Incredible Hulk #468 (Sep. 1998)
- Incredible Hulk #472 - 474 (Jan. - Mar. 1999)
- Incredible Hulk vol. 2, #24 - 25 (Mar. - Apr. 2001)
- Incredible Hulk vol. 2, #50 - 54 (Mar. - July 2003)
- Hulk vol. 3, #81 (July 2005)
- Hercules vol. 3, #1 - 3 (June - Aug. 2005); #4 - 5 (Sep. 2005)
- Hulk: Destruction #1 - 4 (Sep. - Dec. 2005)
- She-Hulk vol. 2, #15 & 17 (Mar. & May 2007)
- Incredible Hulk: Prelude To Planet Hulk #1 (Jan. 2006)
- World War Hulk: Gamma Files#1 (Aug. 2007)
- World War Hulk - Gamma Corps #1 - 3 (Sep. - Nov. 2007) & #4 (Jan. 2008)
- Hulk vol. 2, #1 - 2 (Feb. - Mar 2008)
- Incredible Hercules #130 - 132 (Aug. - Sep. 2009)
- Hulk Vol. 2 #23
- Incredible Hercules #129
- Chaos War #2
- Incredible Hulks #620
- Hulk Vol. 3 #8
- Hulk Vol. 3 #1-2, April-May 2014
- Hulk Vol. 3 #3-4, June-July 2014)
- Incredible Hulk #618; Incredible Hulk #619
- She-Hulk #21-23
- Superior Iron Man #5
- Superior Iron Man #1
- Superior Iron Man #3
- Superior Iron Man #4
- JLA/Avengers #4
- Ultimates 2 #1 - 6 (Feb. - July 2005); #7 (Sep. 2005); #8 (Nov. 2005); #9 (Jan. 2006); #10 (Mar. 2006); #11 - 12 (July - Aug. 2006); #13 (Feb. 2007)
- Ultimate Comics: Ultimates #27
- Incredible Hulk: Future Imperfect #1 - 2 (Dec. 1992 - Feb. 1993)
- Abominations #1 - 3 (Dec. 1996 - Feb. 1997)
- Mutant X Annual 2001 #1
- Marvel Zombies: Dead Days
- "Abomination". Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. Season 1. Episode 17. February 2, 2014. Disney XD.
- William Bibbiani (2014-12-28). "Selma: Tim Roth on George Wallace, Tupac & The Hulk". Craveonline. Retrieved 2014-12-28.
- McWhertor, Michael (April 5, 2013). "Lego Marvel Super Heroes assembles a cast of Marvel minifigs in the battle for Cosmic Bricks". Polygon. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Abomination at the Marvel Universe wiki
- Abomination on Marvel Database, a Marvel Comics wiki
- Abomination at the Comic Book DB