Abortion in Paraguay is illegal except in case of the threat to the life of the woman. Anyone who performs an abortion can be sentenced to 15 to 30 months in prison. If the abortion is done without the consent of the woman, the punishment is increased to 2 to 5 years. If the death of the woman occurred as a result of the abortion, the person who did the procedure can be sentenced to 4 to 6 years in prison, and 5 to 10 years in cases in which she did not consent.
In Paraguay, 23 out of 100 deaths of young women are the result of illegal abortions. Concerning this death rate, Paraguay has one of the highest in the region.
In 2015, some called for allowing an abortion for a 10-year-old girl who is 5 months pregnant who had allegedly been raped and impregnated by her stepfather. However, according to the government and her physicians, her health is not imminently in danger and the pregnancy is not disrupting her health. Doctors have proposed doing a conventional Cesarean section when the fetus gets past the point of viability (about 22-24 weeks, depending on the technology available) in the highly-charged case.