Abortion in the Central African Republic

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Abortion in the Central African Republic is prohibited by law unless the pregnancy is the result of rape. According to general medical practice, the medical procedure is only legal if the abortion will save the woman's life, though this is not explicitly stated in any law.[1] Anyone who performs an abortion faces up to five years in prison and a fine, and physicians risk losing their medical licenses for up to five years.[1]


Prior to 2006, law in the Central African Republic explicitly outlawed abortion. In 2006, the National Assembly legalized abortion care in cases of rape, as women regularly faced sexual violence, rape, and gang rape in the war-ravaged country.[2]

Women's health implications[edit]

Women with unwanted pregnancies in the Central African Republic do not have legal access to medical care. They still seek reproductive health care, but experts believe they often resort to conditions that are not sterile or medically safe.[3]


  1. ^ a b Abortion Policies: Afghanistan to France. United Nations Publications. 2001. ISBN 9789211513516.
  2. ^ Kinnock, Glenys (2013-08-07). "US abortion ban should not be foisted on Central African Republic". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  3. ^ "In Bangui, unsafe abortions have become a real emergency". Médecins Sans Frontières Luxembourg. 2017-09-28. Retrieved 2017-10-06.