Abos, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Abos
Church of St. John the Baptist
Church of St. John the Baptist
Coat of arms of Abos
Coat of arms
Abos is located in France
Abos
Abos
Coordinates: 43°21′32″N 0°33′43″W / 43.3589°N 0.5619°W / 43.3589; -0.5619Coordinates: 43°21′32″N 0°33′43″W / 43.3589°N 0.5619°W / 43.3589; -0.5619
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Le Coeur de Béarn
Intercommunality Lacq-Orthez
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Pierre Cazalère
Area1 8.45 km2 (3.26 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 531
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64005 /64360
Elevation 108–250 m (354–820 ft)
(avg. 123 m or 404 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Abos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Abosiens or Abosiennes.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Abos is located 15 km north-west of Pau and 20 km southeast of Lescar, on the left bank of the Gave de Pau which is the north east boundary of the commune. Highway D2 (Route de Pau) passes through the commune; however, this route bypasses the village and Route D2002 must be taken to enter the village. The southeastern boundary of the commune is formed by Highway D229 (Chateau d'Abos).[2]

Hydrography[edit]

The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, with the Gave de Pau in the northeast and a number of streams in the commune feed into the La Baise river (and its tributary, the old channel of the mill, itself fed by the Arrious Brook) and Juscle.[2]

Localities and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Bagneres
  • Cap de Castel[4]
  • Chateau of Abos[5]
  • Idernes[6]
  • Le Moulin d'en Bas
  • Le Moulin d'en Haut
  • Peyré
  • Saint-Laurent[7]

Neighbouring municipalities[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Abos is mentioned in 1116 and 1234[8] (Pierre de Marca[9]) and in the 13th century[10] (Fors de Béarn[11]).

It also appears in the forms:

Michel Grosclaude proposed a Latin etymology of Avus with the aquitaine suffix -ossum.[8]

The commune name in Béarnais is Abòs (according to the conventional standard of Occitan).

Aubrun was a farm in Abos which was mentioned in 1538 as La boyrie aperade d'Aubrun,[15] Reformation of Béarn B. 637[13] in the 1863 dictionary.

Cap de Castel is a hamlet in Abos mentioned by the dictionary in 1863.[4]

Paul Raymond said in 1863 that the Chateau of Abos or Castet-d'Abos, was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.[5]

Donadon was a fief under the Viscounts of Béarn, mentioned in 1538[16] (reformation of Béarn[13]).

The fief of Idernes was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and appeared in the forms:

  • Ydernas and Ydernes (1538 and 1546 respectively,[6] reformation of Béarn[13]).

Maucor was a fief of Abos, cited with the spelling of L'ostau de Maucoo in 1385[17] in the Census of Béarn.[11] This fief was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn then restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies as was Saint Jean, another fief of Abos, also mentioned in 1385[18] (Census of Béarn[11]) in the form of L'ostau de Sent-Johan d'Abos.

Saint-Laurent, a hamlet and fief of Abos under the Viscounts of Béarn, was also restored to the Bailiwick of Lagor and Pardies. It was mentioned in the forms Sent-Laurentz d'Abos (1343,[7] Notaries of Pardies[12]) and Saint-Laurens d'Abos (1674,[7] Reformation of Béarn [13]).

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[10] noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and in 1385, Abos depended on the bailiwick of Lagos and Pardies with 49 fires.

The Lord of Abos was of the first rank after the Barons (called ruffebaron) of Béarn.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Abos
The arms of the commune of Abos are blazoned :
Quarterly party per saltire, the first Vert, chimney of Or smoking argent flanked at dexter by a factory of Or; at second Gules, an ear of corn of Or leaved in Vert; at third Gules, a bunch of grapes of Or leaved in Vert; at fourth Vert, a church argent surmounting two cows of Or confronting. horned, collared and belled.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Abos[19]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Jean-Marie Cazalère

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The town is a member of nine inter-communal organisations:[20]

  • the community of communes of Lacq
  • SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of the baïse
  • AEP union for the Gave and the baïse;
  • sanitation union of the communes of the valleys of Juscle and Baise
  • Energy union for the Pyrenees-Atlantiques;
  • inter-communal union of Monein;
  • inter-communal union for defence against flooding of the Gave de Pau
  • inter-communal union for forestry management for Gabe-Baise
  • the inter-communal union for educational regrouping for Abos and Tarsacq

Twinning[edit]

Argentat has twinning associations with:[21]

Demographics[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 487 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1831. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
573 520 500 599 607 590 586 567 512
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
507 459 484 478 468 445 432 411 397
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
401 412 386 360 346 328 319 339 371
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
432 479 462 467 479 481 467 472 476
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
482 487 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Abos

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Jurançon AOC and Béarn AOC vineyard regions. Activity in the commune is mainly agricultural (livestock and corn).

The commune is also part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

The 2006 classification of INSEE, indicated the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of the total 36,681 communes identified)[22] ranked Abos at 7513, for an income of €18,000 per person.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint John the BaptistLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23] dates to the 19th century.

Facilities[edit]

The town has a primary school.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 41 (French)
  5. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 45 (French)
  6. ^ a b Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 81 (French)
  7. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 150 (French)
  8. ^ a b c d e Michel Grosclaude, Topnymical Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, ISBN 2-35068-005-3, page 192 (French)
  9. ^ a b According to Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn
  10. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 2 (French)
  11. ^ a b c d Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ a b Notaries of Pardies - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ a b c d e Manuscript of the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Abos
  15. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 16 (French)
  16. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 57 (French)
  17. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 110 (French)
  18. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 149 (French)
  19. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  20. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011
  21. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  22. ^ Statistical Summary by commune, département, and area of employment, website: INSEE consulted on 9 September 2009
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000566 Church of St. John the Baptist (French)