Aboud Jumbe

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Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi
2nd President of Zanzibar
In office
7 April 1972 – 30 January 1984
Preceded by Abeid Karume
Succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Personal details
Born (1920-06-14)14 June 1920
Juba, Anglo Egyptian Sudan (Now Juba, South Sudan)[citation needed]
Died 14 August 2016(2016-08-14) (aged 96)
Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania
Nationality Tanzanian
Political party CCM
Other political
affiliations
Afro-Shirazi Party

Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi (14 June 1920 – 14 August 2016) was a Zanzibari politician.[1] He held several positions, including the second president of Zanzibar, chairman of the Revolutionary Council, Vice-President of the Union, and the vice-chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party.[2]

Jumbe served as president of Zanzibar from 11 April 1972 until 30 January 1984. He succeeded Abeid Karume as president, following Karume's assassination on 7 April 1972. He was initially elected by the Revolutionary Council as a part of the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP). While he was in office, in 1977, the two ruling parties of Tanzania merged. In particular, the ASP and the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), merged to create Tanzania's ruling party, the CCM.[3]

In 1979, Jumbe introduced the first post-revolution constitution of Zanzibar. This separated the powers of the Revolutionary Council and the House of Representatives. Furthermore, the new constitution established elections by universal suffrage, instead of being elected by the Revolutionary Council.[3]

Jumbe died at the age of 96 at his home at Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam, on 14 August 2016.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Council on Foreign Relations (1973). The World this Year. Simon and Schuster. ISSN 0364-8575. Retrieved 2015-02-20. 
  2. ^ "Център за конституционно развитие на Източна Африка (ZANZIBAR: KEY HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS)". Archived from the original on 2004-09-07. Retrieved 2015-02-20. 
  3. ^ a b "CONSTITUTIONALISM AND POLITICAL STABILITY IN ZANZIBAR: THE SEARCH FOR A NEW VISION (PDF)" (PDF). library.fes.de. Retrieved 2015-02-20. 
  4. ^ REPORTER, ONLINE. "Former Zanzibar president Mzee Jumbe dies". dailynews.co.tz. Archived from the original on 2016-08-15. Retrieved 2016-08-14.