Aboud Jumbe

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Aboud Jumbe
2nd President of Zanzibar
In office
7 April 1972 – 30 January 1984
Preceded by Abeid Karume
Succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi
Personal details
Born (1920-06-14) 14 June 1920 (age 95)
Sultanate of Zanzibar
Nationality Tanzanian
Political party CCM
Other political
Afro-Shirazi Party

Mwinyi Aboud Jumbe (born 14 June 1920)[1] was a politician in Zanzibar. He held several positions, including the second president of Zanzibar, chairman of the Revolutionary Council, Vice-President of the Union, and the vice-chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party.[2]

Jumbe served as president of Zanzibar from 11 April 1972 until 30 January 1984. He succeeded Abeid Karume as president, following Karume's assassination on April 7, 1972. He was initially elected by the Revolutionary Council as a part of the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP). While he was in office, in 1977, the two ruling parties of Tanzania merged. In particular, the ASP and the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), merged to create Tanzania's ruling party, the CCM.[3]

In 1979, Jumbe introduced the first post-revolution constitution of Zanzibar. This separated the powers of the Revolutionary Council and the House of Representatives. Furthermore, the new constitution established elections by universal suffrage, instead of being elected by the Revolutionary Council.[3]