MEX Mexico City, Mexico
|Known for||Sculpture, Video art, Installation, Painting|
Cruzvillegas was grew up in Ajusco, a district in the south of Mexico City. He studied Philosophy and Art at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He later became a professor and went on to teach Art History and Theory at UNAM.
As a sculptor and writer, Cruzvillegas began as a central participant in a new wave of conceptual art in Mexico City during the 1980s and 90s, studying under Gabriel Orozco from 1987 to 1991 in the "Taller de los Viernes" sessions. Orozco has been proposed as one of the "dominant influence(s)" on his work. Along with Orozco, Damian Ortega, Dr Lakra, and Minerva Cuevas, Cruzvillegas was considered part of a new movement in Latin American art (which has been compared to the YBA boom in Britain in the 1980s. or the Modernist movement of the 1920s ).
Together with Gabriel Kuri, Lakra and Orozco, he participated in "Friday Workshops" (Taller de los Viernes) in the 1980s, a weekly meeting in which the artists met and collaborated. As Cruzvillegas explained in the exhibition catalogue for 'Escultura Social: A New Generation of Art from Mexico City (2007): "We learned together to discuss, criticise, and transform our work individually, with no programmes, marks, exams, diplomas or reprisals. We did not intend to become known, prepare for a show, go against the grain, make our presence felt as a group, or even make work … this was my education". This then developed into the artist-run space "Temistocles 44" in the 1990s, founded by Eduardo Abaroa and Cruzvillegas.
Works and exhibitions
His works have been shown throughout America, Europe and Mexico. Elements of the Autoconstrucción project were shown (amongst others) at Tate Modern in March 2012, in the Museum of Modern Art in Oxford in 2011, at the Walker Art Center in 2013, and at the Haus der Kunst, Munich in 2014. His work is held in a number of collections, including Tate Modern, London and MoMA, New York. Cruzvillegas has shown his work in single and group exhibitions in a number of galleries across Europe, South America and the United States. In 1994, his work was shown in the Fifth Havana Biennial; in 2002 in the XXV São Paulo Biennial; in 2003 in the Fiftieth Venice Biennale; in 2005 in the 1st Torino Triennale; in 2008 in the Bienal de Cali, in Colombia; in the Tenth Havana Biennial, and the Seventh Bienal do Mercosul in Portoalegre. His work has been shown at the New Museum, New York City, at Tate Modern in London and at Aishti Foundation as part of the Trick Brain Exhibition in Lebanon. Cruzvillegas participated in ROUNDTABLE: The 9th Gwangju Biennale, which took place September to November 2012 in Gwangju, Korea. In August 2012, it was announced that Cruzvillegas had won the Fifth Annual Yanghyun Prize  In 2014, he was the subject of a joint exhibition at both the Colección Júmex and the Amparo Museum.
From 2007 onwards, Cruzvillegas has produced a series of works exploring what he calls autoconstrucción, or self-construction. As described by Chris Sharp in Art Review,
"autoconstrucción has been able to manifest in [...] many guises, places and modes: from small autonomous sculptures to large sculptural-cum-architectural installations; from mobile musical collaborations to an hourlong film, even a play. Autoconstrucción is multiplicity incarnate. Indeed, the term could be said to designate more of a spirit and an ethic than, say, a theory-driven aesthetic."
Autoconstrucción, writes art historian Robin Greeley, is "a sculptural practice of dynamic contingency derived from the ad hoc building procedures common in squatter settlements on the outskirts of megacities. [...] Cruzvillegas works with found materials in a process of inventive appropriation."
From 2012, this project was accompanied by works around the theme of "autodestrucción", Cruzvillegas explained that through the autodestrucción works he "wanted to show how "Internationalism" or "Style" is something that is to be appropriated, customized, modified, adapted and even destroyed, according to specific, local, individual, subjective needs." From May to June 2018, kurimanzutto new york hosted an Autocontusión installation. It included new pieces, such as a mural inspired by Manhattan.
In 2015, Cruzvillegas accepted the Tate Modern Turbine Hall commission; his work, 'Empty Lot' was on display between 13 October 2015 and 3 April 2016. The work consists of 240 wooden triangular plots bordered with wooden frames, filled with 23 tonnes of soil collected from different parks and gardens across London (including Hackney Marshes, Peckham Rye, the Horniman Museum and Buckingham Palace). The entire work is raised on two large stepped, triangular scaffolded platforms, overlooked by growing light, and interspersed with smaller sculptural works. In an interview with The Independent he stated,
"the history of mankind is based on movement, transformation, hope [but] owning a piece of land that is yours and for your family is the main hope of everybody – having a shelter, having a piece of land. This idea of hope is one that I’m dealing with in this work for the Turbine Hall."
"The result is a work of art which works on more levels than the Shard: as process, as performance, as politics and as spectacle. Cruzvillegas says he hopes it will be somewhere “that something can grow out of nothing”. Like a green-fingered Beckett, his less-is-more philosophy makes him a seer for our times."
Writing for the Daily Telegraph, Mark Hudson noted the influence of "Buckminster Fuller’s geodesic domes and the grid-structured gardens of the Aztecs" and stated, "As a piece of gigantic sculpture, Empty Lot is one of the more dynamic and exciting of the Turbine Hall commissions. It feels suspended like a geometric island, perfectly poised in the immense space." Jonathan Jones, writing in The Guardian, called it "lazy and complacent, as if unbothered by the challenge, uninterested in winning an audience", an artwork with "no aesthetic power and precious little to think about", selecting it as his "worst" installation in the Turbine Hall series.
Reception and influences
For the 2002 São Paulo Biennial, Cruzvillegas wrote: "However art makes itself evident, it shall remain, above all, raw source material in all its natural, unstable, physical, chaotic and crystalline states: solid, liquid, colloidal and gaseous. It is the joy of energy." Reviewing Cruzvillegas' 2003 show for The New York Times, Holland Cotter wrote, "In all Mr. Cruzvillegas's work, little is stated but much is said".
In a monograph on Cruzvillegas' work in Frieze magazine in 2006, Tom Morton discusses an untitled work from 1993 which recalls Marcel Duchamp's 1913 Bicycle Wheel, though the spokes have been replaced "by a circular panel on which his father, now an academic, once painted a bouquet of red carnations". Morton states, "by bringing the work of these two men together Cruzvillegas not only expands the notion of ‘influence’ so that it might include the micro-stuff of specific domestic context alongside the macro-stuff of art history, but also casts into doubt the purity of the ready-made – which is to say, its inconsequentiality, its mute object-hood."
Chris Sharp, writing in Art Review in January 2013, wrote: "his works are often united by an identifiable formal sensibility, whose predominantly found-object or poor-material aesthetic influence is as indebted to Robert Rauschenberg, David Hammons and Jimmie Durham as it is to Gabriel Orozco. The difference between them and Cruzvillegas, however, is the highly personal, specific and inherently protean programme to which his cultural and material universe adheres." 
Discussing his works, Niamh Coglan, writing for Aesthetica Magazine in February 2013, notes that "Works such as Aeropuerto Alterno (2002), A.C. Mobile (2008) or Sin Título / Untitled (1999), which directly references Duchamp’s Bicycle Wheel (1913), exhibit a strong Duchampian element, not just for their aesthetic form but for appropriative elements", and goes on to state "Cruzvillegas does with material what Marcel Broodthaers and René Magritte did with words and linguistics". Similarly, Gareth Harris, writing in The Art Newspaper in January 2014, notes: "With his vast range of dynamic assemblage sculptures meticulously built from found objects, the Mexican artist Abraham Cruzvillegas has been dubbed the 21st-century equivalent of Marcel Duchamp." 
In 2014, Cruzvillegas was profiled (with Tania Bruguera and Wolfgang Laib) in the third episode ("Legacy") of the seventh season of the PBS contemporary art programme Art:21 - Art in the 21st Century.
In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Cruzvillegas' work was compared "to the bronzes of Catalan sculptor Julio Gonzalez, who combined forms both organic and abstract, to the entropic cage forms of British artist Anthony Caro, and to the arrangements of wires, covered in hair, by U.S. artist David Hammons", to which Cruzvillegas replied, "these guys are super important to me as artists [...] I use that language."
- 2005 Residency at Atelier Calder, Saché, France
- 2006 Altadis Contemporary Art Prize, France-Spain
- 2006-2007 Residency at Brownstone Foundation, Paris
- 2007 Residency at Civitella Ranieri Foundation, Umbria, Italy
- 2008 Artist Research Fellowship, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
- 2008 Residency at Cove Park/CCA, Glasgow, Scotland
- 2009 Residency at the Wattis Institute/CCA, San Francisco
- 2010-2011 DAAD Artists in Berlin Residency Program
A list of recent publications include:
- Textos sobre la obra de Abraham Cruzvillegas, Jaime Soler Frost, ed. (Secretaría de Cultura, México, 2016)
- The Logic of Disorder: The Art and Writings of Abraham Cruzvillegas, Robin Adele Greeley, ed., (Harvard University Press, 2016)
- "El corazón de las tinieblas" (Heart of Darkness), Joseph Conrad, illustrated by Cruzvillegas (Sexto Piso, 2014)
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas: The Autoconstruccion Suites", Patricia Falguieres (Walker Art Center, 2013)
- "100 Notes - 100 Thoughts Documenta 13", Abraham Cruzvillegas (Hatje Cantz, 2012)
- "Autoconstruccion: The Book", Clara Kim, Jimmie Durham, Mark Godfrey, Ryan Inouye and Abraham Cruzvillegas (Redcat, 2009)
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas: Autoconstruccion", Francis McKee and Abraham Cruzvillegas (CCA, 2008)
- Robin Adele Greeley, "The Logic of Disorder: The Sculptural Materialism of Abraham Cruzvillegas," October 151 (Winter 2015): 78-107
- "Los Dos Amigos", Abraham Cruzvillegas and Dr Lakra (Turner/UNAM, 2007)
- Abraham Cruzvillegas. Challenge of Failure and Confusion of Possibility, Sunjung Kim, ed., (Seoul: Samuso/Huynsil Publishing Co., 2016)
- Abraham Cruzvillegas: Autodestrucción4: Demolición (London: Thomas Dane Gallery, 2014)
- "Aesthetica Magazine - Built from Life". Aestheticmagazine.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Home - How To Spend It". Howtospendit.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Kino, Carol. "Dr. Lakra Exhibits Tattoo-Inspired Drawings in New York". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- See 'Art and Architecture in Mexico', James Oles, (Thames and Hudson, 2013) p.391
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas born 1968 - Tate". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas". Moma.org. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas Wins $88,000 Yanghyun Prize". Galleristny.com. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- [dead link]
- name, Site. "Abraham Cruzvillegas, by Chris Sharp / ArtReview". artreview.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- [dead link]
- Robin Greeley, "The Logic of Disorder: The Sculptural Materialism of Abraham Cruzvillegas," October 151 (Winter 2015):79.
- "Open Systems: Q+A with Abraham Cruzvillegas - Art in America". Artinamericamagazine.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Halima Cassell Wins 2018 Sovereign Asian Art Prize". Artforum.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Hyundai Commission 2015: Abraham Cruzvillegas: Empty Lot – Exhibition at Tate Modern". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas is set to dig deep into the national consciousness". Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Abraham Cruzvillegas: Empty Lot, Tate Modern, Turbine Hall, review: 'mega-art in a mega-space'". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Jonathan Jones: Tate Modern's Turbine Hall of fame: the best and worst artworks so far.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2007-10-12. Frieze Magazine, Retrieved 1 April 2011
- Cotter, Holland. "ART IN REVIEW; Abraham Cruzvillegas". Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2007-10-12., Frieze Magazine, 'Found and Lost, October 2006 retrieved 22.1.15 at 15.17
- name, Site. "Feature content from ArtReview and ArtReview Asia / ArtReview". artreview.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- 'Mexico's 21st Century Duchamp', The Art Newspaper, Number 253, January 2014, p.30
- "An interview with Abraham Cruzvillegas - Tate". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- Miranda, Carolina A. "Abraham Cruzvillegas' buoyant assemblages toy with cars, sex and the culture of waste". latimes.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 2013-07-09.
- Galerie Chantal Crousel
- Found and Lost, Frieze Magazine, October 2006
- Review of Autoconstrucción, Frieze Magazine, January 2009
- Abraham Cruzvillegas Profile, Art Review, January 2013
- kurimanzutto gallery page
- 'The Art of the Nuevo', Financial Times, November, 2010
- 'Abraham Cruzvillegas: Autoconstrucción', Metro, 30 September 2010
- 'A Mexican in Paris', Vice Magazine
- TateShots: Abraham Cruzvillegas The artist on his piece Autoconstrucción. 17 March 2011
- Abraham Cruzvillegas at Kadist Art Foundation