Abraham Lincoln (Healy)

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Abraham Lincoln
George P.A. Healy - Abraham Lincoln - Google Art Project.jpg
ArtistGeorge Peter Alexander Healy
Year1869
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions187.3 cm × 141.3 cm (73.7 in × 55.6 in)
LocationState Dining Room, White House, Washington, D.C.

Abraham Lincoln is an 1869 oil-on-canvas painting by George Peter Alexander Healy of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States.

In the painting, a contemplative Lincoln is observed alone, leaning forward in a chair, with his elbow on his knee and his head resting on his hand.[1] Lincoln's pose was inspired by Healy's 1868 painting, The Peacemakers, which depicts Lincoln and others in an historic 1865 strategy session of the Union high command, during the final days of the American Civil War.[2]

History[edit]

Lincoln sat for Healy in August 1864, and Healy began working on his sketches to create a portrait of Lincoln.[3] After Lincoln's assassination in April 1865, Healy conceived of The Peacemakers, which he completed in 1868. In 1869, 4 years after the assassination of Lincoln, Healy decided to create a new portrait removing the members of Lincoln's high command to focus only on Lincoln. He painted the portrait in Paris.[3]

On March 3, 1869, an act of Congress authorized the commission of a portrait of Lincoln to hang in the White House.[3] As a result, Healy sent it to Washington, hoping it would be chosen. However, Ulysses S. Grant, then the President of the United States selected a portrait painted by William F. Cogswell. Robert Todd Lincoln, Lincoln's son, purchased Healy's portrait. He said of Healy's portrait: "I have never seen a portrait of my father which is to be compared with it in any way."[3] The portrait was owned by Robert Todd Lincoln's widow, Mary Harlan Lincoln, who bequeathed it to her daughter, Mamie Lincoln Isham, with the understanding that it would be eventually given to the White House. It entered the White House collection after Isham's death in 1938.[4][3][5] It hangs in the State Dining Room of the White House.[1]

First Lady Lady Bird Johnson identified the painting as one of her favorites in the White House.[6] Though Richard Nixon had moved the portrait from the State Dining Room, replacing it with Palisades on the Hudson, Gerald Ford had the portrait moved back to its longstanding placement.[7]

A reproduction of the portrait hangs in the Illinois Governor's Mansion in Springfield, Illinois and the Minnesota House of Representatives chamber behind the speaker's chair.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nixon Gives Lincoln Portrait to Staffers". The Rock Hill Herald. December 17, 1971. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Kloss, William; Bolger, Koreen (1992) [1992]. Art in the White House: a nation's pride. White House Historical Association in cooperation with the National Geographic Society. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8109-3965-3. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Abraham Lincoln". White House Historical Association. Archived from the original on June 26, 2010. Retrieved January 25, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Mrs. Isham Dies; Was Lincoln's Kin: Granddaughter of President a Daughter of Robert Todd Lincoln, Ex-War Secretary Owned Famous Portrait". The New York Times. November 22, 1938. Retrieved September 3, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Reinhold, Dorothy (July 12, 1992). "Celebration! 200 years at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue". Observer-Reporter. Washington, Penn. Los Angeles Daily News. p. F-7. Retrieved September 3, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Cuno, John Marshall (March 3, 1965). "Art and the First Lady". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 27, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[dead link]
  7. ^ "'Lincoln Portrait' Back In Its Place". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. United Press International. September 12, 1974. p. D-1. Retrieved January 27, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)