This article needs to be updated.(January 2012)
Schalit was born in 1898 in the Galician town of Zolochiv, then in Austria-Hungary (from 1918 to 1939 in Poland and now in Ukraine). He studied at the University of Vienna. In 1929, he immigrated to Mandate Palestine, now Israel. In 1950, he joined the faculty of History Department of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and was appointed a professor in 1959.
Abraham Schalit wrote his major works on Herod and Josephus. The discovery of his lost 1925 Vienna dissertation on Josephus shows a shift in his views. He originally saw Josephus as a bad historian but a patriot, sincerely seeking to further the rebels' cause against Rome. Later he regarded him as a pragmatist.
- In 1960, Schalit was awarded the Israel Prize, in Jewish studies.
- He is also a recipient of the Tchernichovsky Prize for exemplary translation.
- More on Schalit's Changing Josephus: The Lost First Stage, Daniel R. Schwartz
- "Israel Prize recipients in 1960 (in Hebrew)". cms.education.gov.il (Israel Prize official website). Archived from the original on March 4, 2010.