Abraham Van Buren
Abraham Van Buren II
|Born||November 27, 1807|
Kinderhook, New York, U.S.
|Died||March 15, 1873 (aged 65)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Place of burial|
Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City
|Years of service||1827–1837|
Lieutenant Colonel (Brevet)
|Unit||United States Army Pay Department|
|Battles/wars||Second Seminole War|
|Relations||Martin Van Buren (father)|
Hannah Hoes (mother)
John Van Buren (brother)
James I. Van Alen (uncle)
|Other work||Private secretary to President Martin Van Buren|
Abraham Van Buren II (November 27, 1807 – March 15, 1873) was the eldest son of Martin Van Buren, the eighth President of the United States and his wife, Hannah Hoes Van Buren. A career soldier and veteran of the Second Seminole War and Mexican–American War, Van Buren was named in honor of his paternal grandfather Abraham Van Buren (I), an officer in the Albany County militia during the Revolutionary War.
Van Buren served as his father's private secretary during his father's presidential term. In his later years, he helped oversee management of his wife's South Carolina plantation and traveled extensively in Europe.
Van Buren was educated in Kinderhook and attended Greenville Academy. At age 15, Van Buren began attendance at the United States Military Academy. He graduated in 1827, ranked 37th of 38. Van Buren received his commission as a second lieutenant of Infantry.
After receiving his commission, Van Buren served with the 2nd Infantry Regiment at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri and Fort Dearborn, Illinois from 1827 to 1829. From 1829 to 1836 he served as aide-de-camp to Alexander Macomb, Commanding General of the United States Army. In 1833, Van Buren received promotion to first lieutenant.
On March 3, 1837, Van Buren resigned his commission so he could he could become the president's private secretary after his father was inaugurated on March 4. He remained in this position until the end of his father's term in March 1841.
Van Buren's time in the White House ended after his father was defeated by Whig candidate William Henry Harrison in the 1840 election. Van Buren and his wife Angelica left Washington in March 1841 and visited with Angelica's family in Sumter, South Carolina, where Angelica gave birth to their son Singleton.
Return to Army
At the outbreak of the Mexican–American War in June 1846, Van Buren was reappointed in the army as a paymaster with the rank of major. Van Buren served as an aide to Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott and took part in the Battle of Contreras, Battle of Monterrey, Siege of Veracruz, Battle of Cerro Gordo, and Battle of Churubusco.
In August 1847, Van Buren was promoted to lieutenant colonel by brevet to recognize his gallant and meritorious conduct during the battles of Contreras and Churubusco. Van Buren was an original member of the Aztec Club of 1847.
After Mexico's surrender, Scott appointed Van Buren as the military representative empowered to discuss peace terms with Mexican authorities. Van Buren joined American diplomat Nicholas Trist in the subsequent talks, which ended with when Trist obtained Mexico's agreement to the settlement that was later ratified as the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Following his return to the United States, Van Buren aided Scott to prepare a defense of Scott's wartime conduct for a court of inquiry. He also gave testimony on Scott's behalf and the inquiry resulted in Scott's exoneration.
After his Mexican War service, Van Buren and his family settled in New York City. He suffered two strokes soon after relocating, and never completely regained his abilities to walk and speak. He continued to serve as an army paymaster until resigning in 1854. In retirement, he oversaw management of his wife's South Carolina plantation prior to the American Civil War and traveled extensively in Europe. In 1859, Van Buren sold his wife's plantation on her behalf, receiving $147,000 (nearly $5.5 million in 2021) for the 210 slaves purchased by a plantation owner from Arkansas.
In spite of his absence while serving in the military, Van Buren was still close to his father. His wife and he enjoyed extended stays at the former president's Lindenwald estate and spent winters in South Carolina.
In 1838, Dolley Madison, widow of former President James Madison, introduced Van Buren to her cousin, Angelica Singleton (1818–1877), at a White House dinner hosted by his father. Singleton was a daughter of a wealthy South Carolina planter, and a refined lady who had been schooled in the fine arts at Madame Grelaud's French School in Philadelphia. Van Buren fell in love with her and the two were married at Colonel Richard Singleton's Wedgefield, South Carolina, plantation named "Home Place". The President was unable to attend the couple's wedding; however, he was delighted with the match. The newlyweds honeymooned in London. Upon returning to the United States, Angelica assumed the duties of "White House Hostess" because her mother-in-law had died in 1819 and Martin Van Buren had not remarried. The couple had four children.
- Rebecca Van Buren (1840–1840), died young
- Singleton Van Buren (1841–1885)
- Martin Van Buren II (1844–1885)
- Travis Coles Van Buren (1848–1889)
Death and burial
Dates of rank
Van Buren's effective dates of rank were:
- Second Lieutenant of Infantry (Brevet) – July 1, 1827
- Second Lieutenant, 2nd Infantry – July 1, 1827
- First Lieutenant, 1st Dragoons – March 4, 1833
- Captain, 1st Dragoons – July 4, 1836
- Resigned – March 3, 1837
- Major, Pay Department – June 26, 1846
- Lieutenant Colonel (Brevet) – August 20, 1847
- Resigned – June 1, 1854
- Cullum, George Washington (March 10, 2013). "Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy, Volume I". penelope.uchicago.edu. Chicago, IL: Bill Thayer. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
- Greene, Richard H., ed. (1897). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. XXVIII. New York, NY: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. pp. 210–211 – via Google Books.
- Raymond, William (1851). Biographical Sketches of the Distinguished Men of Columbia County. Albany, NY: Weed, Parsons and Company. p. 104 – via Google Books.
- Martin Van Buren National Historic Site (December 16, 2020). "The Election of 1840". National Park Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
- Wilcox, Cadmus Marcellus (1892). Wilcox, Mary Rachel (ed.). History of the Mexican War. Washington, DC: Church News Publishing Company. p. 711 – via Google Books.
- Reports of the Annual Reunion of the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy, 1870-1878. West Point, NY: Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy. 1878. pp. 30–33 – via Google Books.
- "Large Sale of Slaves". The Lancaster Examiner. Lancaster, PA. December 22, 1858. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The Van Buren Administration: Angelica Rebecca Singleton Van Buren". First Ladies.org. Canton, OH: The National First Ladies' Library. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
- Hart, Craig (2004). A Genealogy of the Wives of the American Presidents and Their First Two Generations of Descent. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-7864-8367-9.
- "Singleton van Buren as a Child by John Carlin / American Art". americanart.si.edu. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 12 September 2016.