Abraham a Sancta Clara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Reverend

Abraham a Sancta Clara
Augustinian Monk
Abraham a Sancta Clara.jpg
Personal details
BornJuly 2, 1644
Kreenheinstetten, Germany
DiedDecember 1, 1709
Vienna, Austria
Statue of Abraham a Sancta Clara, outside the Imperial Palace, Vienna

Abraham a Sancta Clara (July 2, 1644 – December 1, 1709), German divine, was born at Kreenheinstetten, near Meßkirch. His lay name was Johann Ulrich Megerle. He has been described as "a very eccentric but popular Augustinian monk".[1]


In 1662 Abraham a Sancta Clara joined the Catholic religious order of Discalced Augustinians, and assumed the religious name by which he is known. In this order he rose step by step until he became prior provincialis and definitor of his province.[2] Having early gained a great reputation for pulpit eloquence, he was appointed imperial court preacher at Vienna in 1669.[1][2]

The people flocked to hear him, attracted by the force and homeliness of his language, the grotesqueness of his humour, and the impartial severity with which he lashed the follies of all classes of society and of the court in particular. In general he spoke as a man of the people, the predominating quality of his style being an overflowing and often coarse wit. There are, however, many passages in his sermons in which he rises to loftier thought and uses more dignified language.[2]

In his published writings he displayed many of the same qualities as in the pulpit. Perhaps the most favorable specimen of his style is his didactic novel entitled Judas der Erzschelm (4 vols., Salzburg, 1686–1695). His works have been several times reproduced in whole or in part, though with many spurious interpolations. The best edition is that published in 21 vols. at Passau and Lindau (1835–1854). See Th. G von Karajan, Abraham a Sancta Clara (Vienna, 1867); Blanckenburg, Studien über die Sprache Abrahams a S. C. (Halle, 1897); Sexto, Abraham a S. C. (Sigmaringen, 1896); Schnell, Pater A. a S. C. (Munich, 1895); H Mareta, Über Judas d. Erzschelm (Vienna, 1875).[2]

He died in Vienna.



  1. ^ a b Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 5
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abraham a Sancta Clara". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 72.

External links[edit]