The Abrahamites (also Nový Bydžov-Israelites) were a sect of deists in Bohemia in the 18th century, who professed to be followers of the pre-circumcised Abraham. Believing in one God, but rejecting the Trinity, original sin, abstained from pork, and rested on Saturday, and the perpetuity of punishment for sin they contented themselves with the Ten Commandments and the Lord's Prayer. Declining to be classed either as Christians or Jews, they were excluded from the edict of toleration promulgated by Emperor Joseph II in 1781, and deported to various parts of the country, the men being drafted into frontier regiments. Some became Roman Catholics, and those who retained their "Abrahamite" views were not able to hand them on to the next generation.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abrahamites". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 72.
- John Joseph A'Becket (1913). "Abrahamites". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.