Abrau-Dyurso or Abrau-Durso (Russian: Абрау-Дюрсо) is a rural locality (a selo) under the administrative jurisdiction of the City of Novorossiysk in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is located on the shore of Lake Abrau, 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) west of Novorossiysk. It should not be confused with the khutor of Dyurso, which is located 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) to the south, where the Dyurso River enters the Black Sea, and which is sometimes incorrectly considered to be a part of Abrau-Dyurso. Population: 3,519 (2010 Census); 2,982 (2002 Census); 2,792 (1989 Census).
The settlement was founded on November 25, 1870 as a royal winery which was to provide wine for the Tsar's household. These plans were brought to fruition twenty-one years later, when Prince Leo Galitzine, renowned for his Crimean vineyards of Massandra and Novy Svet, was appointed Surveyor of Imperial Vineyards at Abrau-Dyurso. It was he who brought to Russia a team of skilled winemakers from France. By 1897, Abrau-Dyurso boasted champagne cellars containing in excess of 13,000 bottles.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 brought an end to Abrau-Dyurso's prosperity, if only for a short time. The French specialists fled Russia, but their work was continued by their Russian apprentices. Throughout the Soviet period, Abrau-Dyurso was reputed for its sparkling wine, which was marketed under the name of Sovetskoye Shampanskoye ("Soviet Champagne"), or "champagne for the people".
Abrau-Dyurso is the center of Russia's most important wine-growing region.
In August 2002, the local earth dam located upstream of the Dyurso River collapsed, washing away some of the grape fields in the Dyurso Valley. Currently Abrau-Dyurso does not grow its own wine grapes, but imports them from other locations.
As of 2005, the local winery produced 5,800,000 bottles of champagne. There is a museum of sparkling wines on its grounds.
- Resolution #2741-P of the Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai of December 19, 2006 On Establishing the Borders of the City of Novorossiysk of Krasnodar Krai and of the Administrative-Territorial Units Under Its Jurisdiction. Items 4.8 (Abrau-Dyurso) and 4.10 (Dyurso). (Постановление Законодательного Собрания Краснодарского края от 19 декабря 2006 г. № 2741-П "Об установлении границ города Новороссийск Краснодарского края и подчинённых ему административно-территориальных единиц". Пп. 4.8 (Абрау-Дюрсо) и 4.10 (Дюрсо).)
- Idisuda.ru Абрау-Дюрсо — два посёлка или один?
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Russian flood region on alert. BBC.