Abronia villosa

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Abronia villosa
Abronia villosa WPC.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Genus: Abronia
Species: A. villosa
Binomial name
Abronia villosa
S.Wats., 1873

Abronia villosa is a species of sand-verbena known by the common names desert sand-verbena and chaparral sand-verbena. It is in the four o'clock plant family (Nyctaginaceae). It is native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico and the southern California and Baja coast.


Abronia villosa is a short, hairy annual wildflower which grows in creeping prostrate masses along the ground or low. It has oval-shaped dull green leaves and many peduncles bearing rounded inflorescences of bright magenta or purplish-pink flowers. It grows in the sand of the deserts and coastlines.It has a very sweet fragrance, and is also very sticky. They usually grow between February and May.


The rotenoids abronione and boeravinone C, and the terpenoid lupeol can be found in A. villosa.[1]


  1. ^ Starks, CM; Williams, RB; Norman, VL; Lawrence, JA; Goering, MG; O'Neil-Johnson, M; Hu, JF; Rice, SM; Eldridge, GR (2011). "Abronione, a rotenoid from the desert annual Abronia villosa". Phytochemistry letters. 4 (2): 72–74. doi:10.1016/j.phytol.2010.08.004. PMC 3099468Freely accessible. PMID 21617767. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Drennan, P.M. (May 2008). "Sand verbenas (Abronia spp., Nyctaginaceae) germinate in response to ethylene". Journal of Arid Environments. 72 (5): 847–852. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.11.002. 

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