Abronia villosa

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Abronia villosa
Abronia villosa WPC.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Nyctaginaceae
Genus: Abronia
Species: A. villosa
Binomial name
Abronia villosa
S.Wats., 1873

Abronia villosa is a species of sand-verbena known by the common names desert sand-verbena and chaparral sand-verbena. It is in the four o'clock plant family (Nyctaginaceae). It is native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico and the southern California and Baja coast.

Description[edit]

Abronia villosa is a short, hairy annual wildflower which grows in creeping prostrate masses along the ground or low. It has oval-shaped dull green leaves and many peduncles bearing rounded inflorescences of bright magenta or purplish-pink flowers. It grows in the sand of the deserts and coastlines.It has a very sweet fragrance, and is also very sticky. They usually grow between February and May.

Chemistry[edit]

The rotenoids abronione and boeravinone C, and the terpenoid lupeol can be found in A. villosa.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starks, CM; Williams, RB; Norman, VL; Lawrence, JA; Goering, MG; O'Neil-Johnson, M; Hu, JF; Rice, SM; Eldridge, GR (2011). "Abronione, a rotenoid from the desert annual Abronia villosa". Phytochemistry letters. 4 (2): 72–74. doi:10.1016/j.phytol.2010.08.004. PMC 3099468Freely accessible. PMID 21617767. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Drennan, P.M. (May 2008). "Sand verbenas (Abronia spp., Nyctaginaceae) germinate in response to ethylene". Journal of Arid Environments. 72 (5): 847–852. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2007.11.002. 

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