Abruka

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Abruka
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
The oldest building on Abruka: The Abruka House (Abruka maja).
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Location of Abruka in Estonia.
Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389Coordinates: 58°09′50″N 22°30′14″E / 58.16389°N 22.50389°E / 58.16389; 22.50389
CountryEstonia
CountySaare County
MunicipalitySaaremaa Parish
Area
(Area of village)
 • Total10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Population
(01.01.2011[1])
 • Total33
 • Density3.3/km2 (8.5/sq mi)

Abruka is an 8.78 km² Estonian island in the Gulf of Riga, 4 km south of the island of Saaremaa.

Together with few neighbouring smaller islands (Vahase, Kasselaid, Linnusitamaa and Kirjurahu) Abruka forms the village of Abruka, which is part of Saaremaa Parish, Saare County. The village has a population of 33 (as of 1 January 2011)[1] and an area of 10.1 km².

The first records about the population on Abruka originate from the Middle Ages, when the Bishop of Ösel-Wiek founded a horse breeding manor (Abro) there. Permanent population developed in the 18th century. 1881–1972 an elementary school operated on Abruka.[2]

Abruka is the site of a Central European-type broadleaf forest, which is rare in the region. To protect this a nature reserve was created in 1937.

There's a library (located in the harbour building) and a museum which is located on the side of the former manor park in the oldest building on Abruka (The Abruka House).[3]

Abruka can be reached by postboat Heili from Roomassaare harbour in Kuressaare.[4]

The twin writers Jüri Tuulik and Ülo Tuulik (born 1940) were born on Abruka.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kaarma valla asulate nimekiri seisuga 01.01.2011" (in Estonian). Kaarma vald. Archived from the original on 6 June 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Abruka küla" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
  3. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Estonian). Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  4. ^ "Location". abruka.ee. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2011.

External links[edit]