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|Genres||Death metal (early)
|Years active||1989–2005, 2008-present|
|Labels||Deathlike Silence Productions
Southern Lord Records
Abruptum is a black metal and dark ambient solo side-project band from Sweden. It is run by Evil (Morgan Steinmeyer Håkansson) of Marduk, but the band was formed in 1989 by IT (a.k.a. Tony Särkkä). All (a.k.a. Jim Berger), Ext and Evil joined the band later. IT was one of the leaders of the True Satanist Horde, part of the Swedish Black metal scene. Euronymous, co-founder of Mayhem and founder of Deathlike Silence Productions, described Abruptum as "the audial essence of pure black evil".
IT had already planned to create the band in 1987, but it wasn't until 1990 that he found the right members to do it. The same year, they recorded their first two demos. After the release of the first demo, they fired their bass player, Ext. After the release of a 7-inch EP Evil in 1991 (later re-released by Psychoslaughter), All began to drink heavily and was forced to leave the band. IT then found a new member in "Evil". Around this time, IT reunited with All to form the side project, Vondur.
Abruptum was signed to Euronymous's label Deathlike Silence Productions, on which they released two albums. Euronymous described them as "the audial essence of pure black evil", and IT considered Euronymous to be "a true ally". After Euronymous's murder, Abruptum contributed the opening track to the compilation album Nordic Metal: A Tribute to Euronymous. Controversy surrounded Abruptum's close relationship with Euronymous, with Varg Vikernes specifically referencing Abruptum when recalling his version of the events and motives leading to the death of Euronymous. Vikernes, claiming that he killed Euronymous in self-defense, recalled in a 2006 interview:
(Euronymous) wanted to kill me for several reasons. I dumped his label, and by doing that left him with a label with only bands that sold extremely bad (Abruptum, and some other trash).
IT left the band and the black metal scene altogether in 1996, following numerous threats made to him and to his family. According to his sister/manager, that was only one minor reason to his departure from the scene. Evil kept Abruptum going and released material on his own record label, Blooddawn Productions, until 2005 when he announced that he had ended Abruptum.
Since Abruptum's disbanding, IT joined an Industrial band called 8th Sin, and was briefly involved with the band (Total) War along with All. All worked with IT again in Ophthalamia, but that band has also disbanded. IT eventually died on 8 February 2017, aged 44. Evil continues his work with Marduk and Death Wolf (formerly known as Devil's Whorehouse).
Music themes and style
While Abruptum is classified as a black metal/dark ambient band, the band took a different approach to their music. They did not focus on creating any structured songs, and mostly just made noise. Earlier material had shorter songs but their later releases typically included one or two tracks with more than forty minutes of music. They primarily used standard drums, guitars, bass, keyboards and other various instruments, but what stood out even more was the screaming, as the band supposedly tortured and cut each other during their recordings. Whether this is true or not has never really been verified. This led to Euronymous' now (in)famous distinction of Abruptum as "The Audial Essence Of Pure Black Evil". After IT left the band, Evil changed the band's musical style to more dark ambient/noise and dropped most of the metal sound.
- Evil - Guitars, Piano, Vocals, Programming (1993-1995, 2000-2005, 2008–present)
- Abruptum (Demo, 1990)
- The Satanist Tunes (Demo, 1990)
- Evil (7" EP, 1991)
- Orchestra of Dark (Same as 'The Satanist Tunes' with additional 'Outro' added, 1991)
- Obscuritatem Advoco Amplectere Me (Deathlike Silence Productions, March 15, 1993)
- Translation: "Obscurity call; embrace me."
- In Umbra Malitae Ambulabo, in Aeternum in Triumpho Tenebrarum (Deathlike Silence Productions, April 1, 1994)
- Translation: "Walk in the shadow of evil, in the triumph of darkness forever."
- Evil Genius [First Two Demos and 7" EP on one CD; Hellspawn Records, 1995; remastered and re-reissued by Black Lodge Records and Southern Lord Records with a bonus track ('De Profundis Mors Vas Cousumet' from the Nordic Metal compilation) in 2007]
- Nordic Metal: A Tribute to Euronymous (Track Contribution: 'De Profundis Mors Vas Cousumet', 1995)
- Vi Sonas Veris Nigrae Malitiaes (Full Moon Productions, 1997)
- De Profundis mors vas Consumet ('Nordic Metal' track + 2 Unreleased Tracks); Blooddawn Productions, 2000)
- Translation: "Death from the deep vessel, consumed."
- Casus Luciferi (Blooddawn Productions, March 15, 2004)
- (Rough) Translation: "Lucifer's downfall"
- Maledictum (EP) (Blooddawn Productions, 2008)
- Potestates Apocalypsis (Blooddawn Productions, June 2011)
- Translation: "Powers of the Apocalypse"
- http://www.allmusic.com/artist/p294723/biography Abruptum Biography, Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation
- Yiannis Dafopoulos (May 27, 2007). "Album: Abruptum, Evil Genius, (Black Lodge Records)". Metal Temple. Archived from the original on 22 March 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2010.
- "Updated: BURZUM Leader Fails To Return After Short Leave From Prison - Oct. 26, 2003". Blabbermouth. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- True, Christopher M. "Evil genius" (review), Allmusic, Macrovision Corporation