Obscured by Clouds
|Obscured by Clouds|
|Studio album / Soundtrack album by Pink Floyd|
|Released||2 June 1972|
|Recorded||23–29 February and 23 March–6 April 1972|
|Studio||Strawberry Studios, Château d'Hérouville, Hérouville, Île-de-France, France; mixed at Morgan Studios, London|
|Pink Floyd chronology|
|Singles from Obscured by Clouds|
Obscured by Clouds is the seventh studio album by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd, based on their soundtrack for the French film La Vallée, by Barbet Schroeder. It was released in the United Kingdom on 2 June 1972, and a few weeks later in the United States, by Harvest Records, reaching number 6 and number 46 respectively. A single, "Free Four", was issued in the US only.
The album was something of a stopgap for the band, who had already started work on The Dark Side of the Moon, and was recorded in two sessions in France between touring, with three days for mixing. The original plan was to just record small sections of music, but they ultimately created enough songs for a complete album. The resulting work has been overlooked in the Pink Floyd canon because of the huge commercial success of later albums, but still has a positive reaction from fans and critics.
By 1972, Pink Floyd had recorded the soundtracks to the films The Committee (1968) and More (1969), and to part of Zabriskie Point (1970). On the back of More's success, its director Barbet Schroeder asked the band to record the soundtrack of his next major project as and when it arrived. The new film, La Vallée, featured two travellers on a spiritual quest in New Guinea, and Schroeder thought Pink Floyd would be suitable to provide the music. The group had already started working on another album, The Dark Side of the Moon, including some basic recording and live performances, but took two breaks to Strawberry Studios, Château d'Hérouville, France, either side of a Japanese tour, to write and record music for the film. The album was then mixed from 4–6 April at Morgan Sound Studios in London.
As they had done on More, the band saw a rough cut of the film and noted certain timings for cues with a stopwatch. From this, they created a number of pieces that they felt could be cross-faded at various points in the final cut of the film. They were not worried about creating complete songs, feeling that any musical piece would be workable without the need for any solos, but nevertheless, under pressure to produce enough material, they managed to create a whole series of well-structured songs. Drummer Nick Mason recalls that the sessions were very hurried, and the band spent most of the time in Paris locked away in the studio.
During the first recording session in February 1972, the French television station ORTF filmed a short segment of the band recording the album, including interviews with bassist Roger Waters and guitarist David Gilmour. In a snippet of interview footage at Abbey Road Studios that appeared in the 1974 theatrical version (later released on VHS and Laserdisc and subsequent "Director's Cut" DVD) of Pink Floyd: Live at Pompeii, Waters said that early UK pressings of the album contained excessive sibilance.
After recording had finished, the band fell out with the film company, prompting them to release the soundtrack album as Obscured by Clouds, rather than La Vallée. In response, the film was retitled La Vallée (Obscured by Clouds) on its release.
The songs on Obscured by Clouds are all short and economical, in contrast to the lengthy instrumentals found on other Floyd albums. A strong country music influence was present on several tracks, with prominent use of acoustic guitar. The album also featured the VCS 3 synthesizer, which Wright had purchased from the BBC Radiophonic Workshop.
The title track made prominent use of the VCS 3, and featured Mason playing electronic drums. The following track, "When You're In" is similar in style; its title came from a phrase said by roadie Chris Adamson. The two pieces were played back-to-back live in late 1972 and on the 1973 tours. They were also part of the set used for the group's collaboration with Roland Petit and the Ballet National de Marseille at the Palais de Sports, Paris, in early 1973.
"Burning Bridges" was one of two songwriting collaborations on the album between keyboardist Richard Wright (who wrote the music) and Waters (who wrote the lyrics). "Wot's... Uh the Deal?" was a straightforward acoustic piece. It was never performed live by Pink Floyd, but Gilmour resurrected the piece for his solo tour in 2006. One of these performances features on Gilmour's 2007 DVD Remember That Night and also the vinyl version of his 2008 live album, Live in Gdańsk.
"Childhood's End" was the last song Pink Floyd released to have lyrics written by Gilmour until the release of A Momentary Lapse of Reason in 1987. The title may have been derived from the Arthur C. Clarke novel of the same name. It was performed live at a few gigs in late 1972 and early the following year; the drum pattern opening the track was recycled for "Time" on The Dark Side of the Moon.
"Free Four" was the first Pink Floyd song since "See Emily Play" to attract significant airplay in the US, and the second (after "Corporal Clegg" from A Saucerful of Secrets) to deal with the death of Waters' father during World War II. The title is derived from the count-in "One, two, 'free, four!", spoken in a Cockney accent. The track was released as a single in the US, as the band felt it was suitable for AM Radio.
Release and reception
|Christgau's Record Guide||C|
|The Daily Telegraph|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
The album's cover was, like several other Pink Floyd albums, designed by Storm Thorgerson and Aubrey Powell of Hipgnosis. It consists of a photograph of a man sitting in a tree which has been taken out of focus to the point of complete distortion. Hipgnosis viewed a number of stills from the film on a 35mm projector, and liked the visual effect when the slide jammed. Schroeder later said the band did not want to make the cover particularly good as The Dark Side of the Moon would have to compete with it, but Thorgerson insisted it was given proper consideration like any other Floyd album.
Obscured by Clouds was released in the UK on 2 June 1972 and then in the United States on 15 June 1972, both on Harvest. The album reached number one in France, number six on the UK Albums Chart, and number 46 on the US albums chart (where it was certified Gold by the RIAA in 1997). In 1986, the album was released on CD. A digitally remastered CD was released in March 1996 in the UK and August 1996 in the US. It was remixed in 2016 for the Early Years box set, and released individually the following year.
The album has been overlooked by fans and critics as it was overshadowed by The Dark Side of the Moon, released less than a year later, but Mason has said it is one of his favourite Floyd albums. Retrospective critical reception has been mixed; The Daily Telegraph said "its elegant instrumentals point the way to Dark Side", while Rolling Stone said it was a "dull film soundtrack".
|1.||"Obscured by Clouds"||Gilmour, Waters||Instrumental||3:03|
|2.||"When You're In"||Gilmour, Waters, Wright, Mason||Instrumental||2:18|
|3.||"Burning Bridges"||Wright, Waters||Gilmour, Wright||3:29|
|4.||"The Gold It's In the..."||Gilmour, Waters||Gilmour||3:07|
|5.||"Wot's... Uh the Deal?"||Gilmour, Waters||Gilmour||5:08|
|10.||"Absolutely Curtains"||Gilmour, Waters, Wright, Mason||Instrumental, chant by Mapuga tribe||5:52|
- David Gilmour – guitars, pedal steel guitar, EMS VCS 3 synthesizer, vocals
- Nick Mason – drums, percussion
- Roger Waters – bass guitar, vocals
- Richard Wright – keyboards, vocals
- Hipgnosis – album cover
Charts and certifications
- Povey 2006, p. 168.
- Povey 2006, p. 166.
- Manning 2006, p. 164.
- Mason 2004, p. 164.
- Blake 2011, p. 182.
- Povey 2006, p. 155.
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- Blake 2011, p. 183.
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- Mabbett 2010, p. 303.
- "David Gilmour : Live in Gdańsk (LP)". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Mabbett 2010, pp. 117–8.
- Manning 2006, p. 165.
- Mabbett, Andy (1995). The Complete Guide to the Music of Pink Floyd. London: Omnibus. ISBN 0-7119-4301-X.
- Mason, Stewart. Song review at AllMusic. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- Mabbett 2010, p. 118.
- Blake 2011, p. 184.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Album review at AllMusic. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Pink Floyd: Obscured by Clouds". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0-89919-025-1. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- McCormick, Neil (20 May 2014). "Pink Floyd's 14 studio albums rated". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 872. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.
- Deusner, Stephen (6 October 2011). "Pink Floyd: Obscured by Clouds ('Why Pink Floyd?' Reissue)". Paste. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
- Sheffield, Rob (2 November 2004). "Pink Floyd: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media, Fireside Books. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Mabbett 2010, p. 113.
- "Infodisc – Pink Floyd – Obscured By Clouds". www.infodisc.fr. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- "Pink Floyd | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "Pink Floyd Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "American album certifications – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 9 June 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "Pink Floyd, The Early Years". Sounds Magazine. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (Illustrated ed.). St. Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 233. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Top RPM Albums: Issue 4171". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "LP Top 10, July 3, 1972". Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "French album certifications – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "British album certifications – Pink Floyd – Obscured by Clouds". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 June 2016. Select albums in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Enter Obscured by Clouds in the search field and then press Enter.
- Blake, Mark (2011). Pigs Might Fly: The Inside Story of Pink Floyd. Arum Press. ISBN 978-1-845-13748-9.
- Mabbett, Andy (2010). Pink Floyd- The music and the mystery: The Music and the Mystery. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-857-12418-0.
- Manning, Toby (2006). "The Albums". The Rough Guide to Pink Floyd (1st ed.). London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1-84353-575-0.
- Mason, Nick (2004). "There Is No Dark Side". Inside Out: A Personal History of Pink Floyd (New ed.). Widenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-84387-7.
- Povey, Glenn (2006). "Playing Different Tunes 1972–1973". Echoes : The Complete History of Pink Floyd (New ed.). Mind Head Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9554624-0-5.
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