Abteilung III b
This article is a rough translation from German. It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator without dual proficiency.
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The service was created in 1889 as a section in the Prussian General Staff, given the name Sektion IIIb. At the beginning of World War I, the section was upgraded to a department and renamed Abteilung IIIb. Its initial responsibility solely consisted of counterintelligence, and its foreign intelligence capabilities was limited. The focus was on France and Russia (the Navy being responsible for intelligence on Great Britain).
In 1917, an explicit authorization for domestic education was adopted. The secret III b developed under its last head, Walter Nicolai, as war increased the need for a secret police force. Never before had a German intelligence group held such influence in the German Reich. At the end of the war, the division was disbanded.
After the war began, the network of agents in enemy countries was quickly removed as the agents were arrested. The Secret Service could not provide information about enemy intentions and operational deployment plans. The enemy situation Editor of News Department (from 1917 Foreign Armies) at the General Staff were more suspicions delivered as facts. Often the reports of the intelligence proved wrong. Therefore, there was in the assessment of the enemy situation a mishap after another. The fundamental error lay in the separation of news gathering and analysis.
As the war progressed, it increasingly became a secret police and propaganda organization. The head of the secret Nicolai was in the left press, among other things as "father of lies" and disinformation.
During the First World War, the division was significantly upgraded and divided into press, propaganda, intelligence and defense:
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