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Abtolemus (Hebrew: אבטולמוס ‎, Avtolemus; Greek: Εὔτολμος) was a Tanna of the third Generation. Jose ben Halafta was his disciple. He is quoted several times as attesting to a halacha on the authority of "Five Elders".[1]

Some identify him with Abtolemus b. Reuben, who is cited in the Talmud:

"Abtolmus b. Reuben however was permitted to cut his hair in the Gentile fashion [2] as he was in close contact with the royals".

— Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Bava Kamma, 83a


  1. ^ Mishna Eruvin 3:4; Eruvin 35a, Rosh Hashana 15a
  2. ^ (Hebrew: קומי, Kommi), Gentile fashion at the time: baldness from the forehead on, up to midst of the head, and hair grow from the midst of the head up to the nape.