Abu al-Najib Suhrawardi

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Abū al-Najīb Abd al-Qādir Suhrawardī (Persian: ابوالنجیب عبدالقادر سهروردی‎) (1097–1168) was a Sunni[1] Persian[2][3] Sufi who was born in Sohrevard, near Zanjan, and founded the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. He studied Islamic law in Baghdad, then set up a retreat by the river Tigris, where he gathered disciples, which eventually came to be the Sufi order of Suhrawardiyya. His paternal nephew Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs Umar Suhrawardi expanded the order. His name is also sometimes transcribed as Diya al-din Abu 'n-Najib as-Suhrawardi.


  1. ^ al-Suhrawardi, F. Sobieroj, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. IX, ed. C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs and G. Lecomte, (Brill, 1987), 778
  2. ^ John Renard, Historical dictionary of Sufism, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005. pg xxviii. excerpt: "Abu 'n-Najib 'Abd al-Qahir as-Suhrawardi, Persian shaykh and author, and scholar who thought Ahmad al-Ghazali, Najm al-Din Kubra and Abu Hafs 'Umar as-Suhrawardi
  3. ^ Qamar al-Huda, Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi, ed. Josef W. Meri, Jere L. Bacharach, Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, Vol. 2. ISBN 0-415-96690-6. pp 775-776: "Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs 'Umar al-Suhrawardi belonged to a prominent Persian Sufi family and was responsible for officially organizing the Suhrawardi Sufi order"