Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari
ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری
|Born||Muhammad Abdul Hafeez|
14 January 1900
Jalandhar, Punjab, British India
|Died||21 December 1982 (aged 82)|
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
|Pen name||Abu Al-Asar|
|Genre||Ghazal and Nazm|
|Literary movement||Pakistan Movement|
|Notable works||Lyrics of the National Anthem of Pakistan |
Hymn of Kashmir
|Notable awards||Pride of Performance in 1958 |
Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Crescent of Excellence) Award
|Spouse||Zeenat Begum |
Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari (Urdu: ابو الاثر حفیظ جالندھری) (born 14 January 1900 – 21 December 1982) was a Pakistani Urdu-language poet who wrote the lyrics for the National Anthem of Pakistan. Another widely used name in Pakistan is Hafeez Jalandhari, a spelling shown in most English language Pakistani newspapers.
Jalandhari was born Muhammad Abdul Hafeez in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India on 14 January 1900. His father, Shams-ud-Din, was a Hafiz-e-Qur'an. Jalandhari initially studied in a mosque school and later joined a local school. He only received formal education until the seventh grade.
From 1922 to 1929, Jalandhari remained the editor of a few monthly magazines namely, Nonehal, Hazar Dastaan, Teehzeeb-e-Niswan, and Makhzin. His first collection of poems Nagma-e-Zar was published in 1935. After World War II, he worked as the director of the Song Publicity Department. During this same time he wrote several songs.
Jalandhari participated in the Pakistan Movement and used his writings to inspire people for the cause of Pakistan. In early 1948, he joined the forces for the freedom of Kashmir and got wounded. Jalandhari wrote the Kashmiri Anthem, "Watan Hamara Azad Kashmir". He wrote many patriotic songs during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
Jalandhari served as Director General of morals in Pakistan Armed Forces, and then in a very prominent position as an adviser to the President, Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan and also a Director of Writers Guild of Pakistan.
On 23 February 1949, Government of Pakistan formed a committee to prepare Pakistan's national anthem. 723 people competed to write the national anthem. Out of which, Hafeez Jalandhari's lyrics were selected as the national anthem of Pakistan. Then this national anthem of Pakistan was composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla also known as Ahmed G Chagla. Hafeez Jalandhari was unique in Urdu poetry for the enchanting melody of his voice and lilting rhythms of his songs and lyrics. His poetry generally dealt with romantic, religious, patriotic and natural themes. His language was a fine blend of Hindi and Urdu diction, reflecting the composite culture of South Asia. One of his most famous poem 'Abhi Toh Mein Jawan Hoon' was sung by Malika Pukhraj in the 1950s with music by the Pakistani music director Master Inayat Hussain which is still popular among the public in 2018. Though considered a devout Muslim, he also wrote poetry in praise of Hindu God Krishna.
Jalandhari married his cousin, Zeenat Begum, in 1917 at the age of 17. They had seven children, all girls. In 1939, he took a young English woman of Lithuanian descent, Anela, as his second wife. They had a daughter; the marriage ended in divorce. His first wife, Zeenat Begum, died in 1954. In 1955, Jalandhari married Khurshid Begum, with whom he had a daughter.
- Naghma Zar (1925)
- Shahnama-i-Islam (1928 - 1947) in four volumes
- Soz-o-Saaz (1932)
- Talkhaba-i-Shireen (1947)
- Chiragh-i-Sehar (1974)
Jalandhari died in Lahore, Pakistan, on 21 December 1982 at the age of 82. Buried in Model Town, Lahore, his remains were later shifted to a tomb built by the Government of Pakistan near the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore, the site of the Pakistan Resolution.
Awards and recognition
- For his literary and patriotic services to Pakistan, Jalandhari was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz Award by the President of Pakistan.
- Pride of Performance Award in 1958 by the Government of Pakistan.
Commemorative postage stamp
- Rauf Parekh (19 December 2017). "Hafeez Jalandhari: he came, he saw, he conquered (profile of Hafeez Jalandhari on Dawn newspaper)". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
-  Profile of Hafeez Jalandhari on poemhunter.com website, Retrieved 21 November 2018
- 118th birthday of Hafeez Jalandhari observed (Profile of Hafeez Jalandhri) on Daily Times (newspaper) Published 15 January 2018, Retrieved 20 November 2018
- Atful Hye Shibly (2011). Abdul Matin Chaudhury (1895-1948): Trusted Lieutenant of Mohammad Ali Jinnah. p. 125.
- Malika Pukhraj sings Hafeez Jalandhri's poem on YouTube Retrieved 21 November 2018
- "In pre-Partition India, Muslims too celebrated Janmashtami: A look back at reverence for Krishna in works of Urdu poets - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "National anthems founder remembered". Dawn (newspaper). 21 December 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
- Aftab Shahban Mirani (3 May 2018). "National anthem's composer (Pride of Performance award for Hafeez Jalandhari)". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Hafeez Jalandhari commemorative postage stamp issued in 2001 by the Pakistan Post Office Retrieved 21 November 2018