Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi

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Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi
ISIS Abu Ayman al-Iraqi.PNG
Born 1965
Anbar province, Iraqi Republic
Died 8 November 2014 (aged 48–49)
Iraq
Allegiance

Baathist Iraq (until 2003)
Flag of Jihad.svg Al-Qaeda (2007–2013)

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (2013–2014)
Service/branch Iraqi Army (1986–2003)
Military of ISIL (8 April 2013 – 8 November 2014)
Rank Iraqi colonel Colonel (until 2003)
ISIL Wali (Governor) of Anbar
(January 2014 – 8 November 2014)
ISIL Military Chief
(4 June 2014 – 8 November 2014)[1][2]
Battles/wars

2003 Iraq War
Iraqi insurgency


Syrian Civil War

Military intervention against ISIL

Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi (Arabic: عدنان لطيف حامد السويداوي الدليمي‎, ‘Adnān Laṭīf Ḥāmid as-Suwaydāwī al-Dulaymī 1965 – 8 November 2014), also known by his noms de guerre Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi, Abu Abdul Salem,[3] Haji Dawūd and Abu Ayman al-Iraqi,[4] was a top commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the former head of its Military Council.[5]

Biography[edit]

Despite his senior position within the ISIL hierarchy, very little is known about al-Iraqi. He has been referred to as a "shadowy persona".[6] Al-Sweidawi was a member of the Al-bu Swda clan of the Dulaim, the largest tribe in Iraq's Anbar Province. Al-Sweidawi served under the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein as a lieutenant colonel in the Iraqi Army.[7] He also operated in Iraq's Air Defense Intelligence.[8] According to Ahmed al-Dulaimi, the governor of Anbar Province, al-Sweidawi graduated from the same military academy as future senior ISIL leaders Haji Bakr and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi.[5]

A IS biography of Abu Muhannad al-Suwaydawi describes him as being "especially close to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi and says, "He and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi were friends both in childhood and jihad". According to the biography, Abu Muhannad was present at both the First Battle of Fallujah and the Second Battle of Fallujah during the occupation of Iraq. He was also responsible for planning the 2013 Abu Ghraib prison break.[9] In 2007, al-Sweidawi was detained by U.S. forces in Iraq at Camp Bucca. Following the deaths of Haji Bakr and al-Bilawi in 2014, al-Sweidawi reportedly succeeded them as head of ISIL's military council.[5]

In November 2014, there were media reports that al-Iraqi had been killed in an Iraqi airstrike that reportedly also injured Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi,[10][11] however this was not confirmed at the time. In May 2015, ISIL carried out a wide-scale assault on Ramadi, capturing the city centre. The assault was named after al-Sweidawi, who was described as having been killed in a US-led air strike.[12][13] Jihadists frequently name their military offensives after fallen leaders.[14] The Daily Beast reported that al-Sweidawi was succeeded by senior ISIL figure Abu Ali al-Anbari.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS". New York Times. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Ex-U.S. detainees now ISIS leaders". Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Islamic State Senior Leadership: Who's Who" (PDF). 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-05. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  4. ^ "ABU AYMAN AL-IRAQI DIRECTS ISIS OPERATIONS IN EASTERN SYRIA". Jamestown Foundation. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Military skill and terrorist technique fuel success of ISIS". The New York Times. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  6. ^ "A Late-Night Phone Call Between One Of Syria's Top Extremists And His Sworn Enemy". Buzzfeed. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  7. ^ "Key Players: Who's Who in the Battle for Iraq?". NBC News. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Exclusive: Top ISIS leaders revealed". Al Arabiya. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  9. ^ "ISIL extremists control centre of Iraqi city". The National. Abu Dhabi. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  10. ^ Erin Cunningham (9 November 2014). "Fate of Islamic State chief unclear following U.S. airstrikes on group's leadership in Iraq". Washington Post.
  11. ^ Qassim Abdul-Zahra (9 November 2014). "Islamic State leader al-Baghdadi wounded by airstrike, Iraqi officials say". thestar.com.
  12. ^ Faraj, Salam (15 May 2015). "IS seizes government HQ in Iraq's Ramadi". Yahoo! News. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  13. ^ "IS Claims Wide-Scale Assault on Ramadi, Suicide Bombings by British, Syrian, and Tunisian Fighters". Site Intelligence Group. 15 May 2015.(subscription required)
  14. ^ Joscelyn, Thomas (2 May 2016). "Series of deadly operations named after fallen Islamic State leader". The Long War Journal.
  15. ^ "Everything We Knew About This ISIS Mastermind Was Wrong". The Daily Beast. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016. al-Qaduli handled the intelligence services, or amniyat, in the country, and then in both Syria and Iraq after the killing of Abu Muhannad al-Sweidawi, a former Saddamist