Abu Bakar of Pahang

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Abu Bakar
أبو بكر
Sultan of Pahang
CO 1069-501-4 (7892977412).jpg
Sultan of Pahang
Reign 22 June 1932 - 7 May 1974
Predecessor Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah
Successor Sultan Ahmad Shah
Born (1904-05-29)29 May 1904
Istana Hinggap, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Died 7 May 1974(1974-05-07) (aged 69)
Istana Kecil, Pekan, Pahang
Burial 8 May 1974
Spouse Raja Fatimah Binti Al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah
Maria Menado
Issue Tengku Ahmad
YAM Tengku Idris Sultan Abu Bakar
YAM Tengku Baharuddin Sultan Abu Bakar
YAM Tengku Norashikin Sultan Abu Bakar
Full name
Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Muazzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutasim Billah Shah
House Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan, Pahang
Father Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutasim Billah Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Al-Muadzam Shah
Mother Tunku Kalsum Binti Tunku Abdullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Muazzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutasim Billah Shah GCMG (29 May 1904–7 May 1974), was the fourth Sultan of modern Pahang.

Personal information[edit]

Born at Istana Hinggap, Pekan, he was the second son of Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah by his wife, Che Kalsom binti Tun Abdullah.

Succeeding his father in 1932, he quickly became known as a friendly and approachable ruler by his subjects. During the Japanese occupation of Malaya, he discreetly encouraged resistance movements such as the Askar Wataniah, Force 136 and the MPAJA.

However, due to his penchant for marrying commoners, including several popular actresses and singers, he was less popular with other Malay rulers and they declined five times to choose him as Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

Family[edit]

He has been married to Tengku Ampuan Pahang, Raja Fatimah, the daughter of Sultan Iskandar Shah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah I, in Kuala Kangsar, Perak. His marriage was a marriage between two royal relatives who had a brotherhood relationship with his cousin Tengku Ampuan Fatimah called Tengku Nong Fatimah Binti Sultan Ahmad Muazzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Ali.

Death[edit]

He died on 7 May 1974 and was succeeded by his son Sultan Ahmad Shah.

Honours[edit]

Honours of Pahang[edit]

Honour of Malaya[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
1932-1974
Succeeded by
Sultan Ahmad Shah