Abu Bakar of Pahang
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|Sultan of Pahang|
|Sultan of Pahang|
|Reign||22 June 1932 - 7 May 1974|
|Installation||28 May 1933|
|Predecessor||Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah|
|Successor||Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah|
|Born||29 May 1904|
Istana Hinggap, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
|Died||7 May 1974 (aged 69)|
Istana Peninjau, Pekan, Pahang
|Burial||8 May 1974|
|Spouse||Raja Fatimah Binti Al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah |
|Issue||Tengku Ahmad |
Tengku Idris Sultan Abu Bakar
Tengku Baharuddin Sultan Abu Bakar
Tengku Norashikin Sultan Abu Bakar
|House||Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan, Pahang|
|Father||Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutasim Billah Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Al-Muadzam Shah|
|Mother||Tunku Kalsum Binti Tunku Abdullah|
Born at Istana Hinggap, Pekan, he was the second son of Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah by his wife, Che Kalsom binti Tun Abdullah.
Succeeding his father in 1932, he quickly became known as a friendly and approachable ruler by his subjects. During the Japanese occupation of Malaya, he discreetly encouraged resistance movements such as the Askar Wataniah, Force 136 and the MPAJA.
However, due to his penchant for marrying commoners, including several popular actresses and singers, he was less popular with other Malay rulers and they declined five times to choose him as Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
He has been married to Tengku Ampuan Pahang, Raja Fatimah, the daughter of Sultan Iskandar Shah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah I, in Kuala Kangsar, Perak. His marriage was a marriage between two royal relatives who had a brotherhood relationship with his cousin Tengku Ampuan Fatimah called Tengku Nong Fatimah Binti Sultan Ahmad Muazzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Ali.
He died on 7 May 1974 and was succeeded by his son Sultan Ahmad Shah.
Honours of Pahang
- Founding Grand Master of the Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang (25 May 1967)
- Founding Grand Master of the Order of the Crown of Pahang (27 December 1968)
Honour of Malaya
- United Kingdom : Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (1 June 1953)
Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassim Billah Shah
| Sultan of Pahang
Sultan Ahmad Shah
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