Abu Bakr Rabee Ibn Ahmad Al-Akhawyni Bokhari

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Abu Bakr Rabee Ibn Ahmad Al-Akhawyni Bokhari
(Al-Akhawyni Bokhari)
Born?  CE
Died983 CE
EthnicityPersian Iranian
EraIslamic golden age
Main interest(s)Iranian Islamic traditional medicine
Notable work(s)Hidayat al-Muta`allemin Fi al-Tibb

Abu Bakr Rabee Ibn Ahmad Al-Akhawyni Bokhari (Al-Akhawyni Bokhari) (died 983 CE) was a Persian physician and the author of the Hidayat al-Muta`allemin Fi al-Tibb, the oldest document in the history of Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM).[1] He lived during the Golden Age of Iranian-Islamic medicine and his book was used as a reference text for medical students long after his death.[2] Al-Akhawyni Bokhari wrote about anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology signs, symptoms and treatment of the disease of his time. His reputation was based on the treatment of patients with mental illnesses.[3]


  1. ^ Matini, Jalal (1965). Hedayat al-Motaallemin fi Tebb. University Press, Mashhad.
  2. ^ Hassan Yarmohammadi; Behnam Dalfardi; Alireza Mehdizadeh; Sina Haghighat (December 2013). "Al-Akhawayni, a contributor to medieval Persian knowledge on contraception". The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 18 (6): 435–440. doi:10.3109/13625187.2013.836176.
  3. ^ Behnam Dalfardi; Hassan Yarmohammadi; Ahmad Ghanizadeh (22 June 2014). "Melancholia in medieval Persian literature: The view of Hidayat of Al-Akhawayni". World J Psychiatry. 4 (2): 37–41. doi:10.5498/wjp.v4.i2.37. PMC 4087154. PMID 25019055.