Abu Hamad

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Abu Hamad
Abu Hamad is located in Sudan
Abu Hamad
Abu Hamad
Location in Sudan
Coordinates: 19°32′36″N 33°20′16″E / 19.54333°N 33.33778°E / 19.54333; 33.33778
Country Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan
Admin. division River Nile State

Abu Hamad (Arabic: أبو حمد), also spelt 'Abu Hamed', is a town of Sudan on the right bank of the Nile, 345 mi by rail north of Khartoum. It stands at the centre of the great S-shaped bend of the Nile, and from it the railway to Wadi Halfa strikes straight across the Nubian Desert, a little west of the old caravan route to Korosko. A branch railway, 138 mi long, from Abu Hamad goes down the right bank of the Nile to Karima in the Dongola mudiria.[1]

The town is named after a celebrated sheikh buried here, by whose tomb travellers crossing the desert used formerly to deposit all superfluous goods, the sanctity of the saint's tomb ensuring their safety.[1]

The Battle of Abu Hamed, a part of the Anglo-Egyptian reconquest of the Sudan, took place near the town on 7 August 1897.[2]

Climate[edit]

Abu Hamad has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh).

Climate data for Abu Hamad (1961–1990, extremes 1909–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
41.2
(106.2)
44.4
(111.9)
47.0
(116.6)
48.0
(118.4)
49.0
(120.2)
49.5
(121.1)
47.7
(117.9)
47.0
(116.6)
45.0
(113)
40.0
(104)
38.9
(102)
49.5
(121.1)
Average high °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
30.4
(86.7)
34.6
(94.3)
38.7
(101.7)
41.9
(107.4)
43.5
(110.3)
42.1
(107.8)
41.7
(107.1)
42.4
(108.3)
39.2
(102.6)
33.3
(91.9)
29.4
(84.9)
37.1
(98.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
22.9
(73.2)
25.9
(78.6)
29.9
(85.8)
33.5
(92.3)
35.3
(95.5)
34.5
(94.1)
34.5
(94.1)
34.9
(94.8)
31.5
(88.7)
26.1
(79)
21.9
(71.4)
29.3
(84.7)
Average low °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
13.8
(56.8)
17.3
(63.1)
21.0
(69.8)
25.0
(77)
27.2
(81)
26.9
(80.4)
27.2
(81)
27.3
(81.1)
23.7
(74.7)
18.9
(66)
14.4
(57.9)
21.3
(70.3)
Record low °C (°F) 4.5
(40.1)
5.3
(41.5)
7.8
(46)
11.8
(53.2)
12.7
(54.9)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
18.9
(66)
13.8
(56.8)
7.5
(45.5)
5.3
(41.5)
4.5
(40.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
0.2
(0.008)
0.1
(0.004)
5.1
(0.201)
6.0
(0.236)
0.7
(0.028)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
12.6
(0.496)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2
Average relative humidity (%) 31 24 19 17 16 15 20 25 20 22 31 33 23
Mean monthly sunshine hours 313.1 291.2 316.2 324.0 341.0 324.0 325.5 322.4 270.0 313.1 309.0 313.1 3,762.6
Percent possible sunshine 90 90 84 85 83 81 80 81 74 86 92 91 85
Source #1: NOAA[3]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abu Hamed". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 78. 
  2. ^ Winston Churchill (1899). The River War Volume 1. Longmans. p. 294. 
  3. ^ "Abu Hamed Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 23, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Station Abu Hamad" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 

Coordinates: 19°32′36″N 33°20′16″E / 19.54333°N 33.33778°E / 19.54333; 33.33778