Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi
أبو إبراهيم الهاشمي القرشي
2nd Caliph of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Assumed office
31 October 2019
Preceded byAbu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Personal details
NationalityUnknown, possibly Iraqi[1]
ReligionSunni Islam
Military service
Allegiance Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
RankCommander (until 2019)
Caliph (2019–present)
Battles/wars

Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi[2] (Arabic: أبو إبراهيم الهاشمي القرشي[3]; alternative transliterations al-Qurayshi[4] and al-Quraishi[5]) is the current caliph[6] of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. His appointment by a shura council was announced by ISIL media on 31 October 2019, less than a week after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.[7]

Name and identity[edit]

Little is known about al-Hashimi, but his nisbah, al-Qurashi, suggests that he, like Baghdadi, claims a lineage to Muhammad's tribe of Quraysh, a position that offers legitimacy in some quarters.[7] Al-Hashimi's name is believed to be a nom de guerre and his real name is unknown.[8]

ISIL senior leader Hajji 'Abdallah, whom some believe the same as al-Hashimi

There is some speculation that al-Hashimi is Amir Muhammad Sa’id Abdal Rahman al-Mawla, who is also known as Hajji 'Abdallah.[9] Muhammad Ali Sajit, the brother-in-law and aide of Baghdadi caught in June 2019, also believes that Hajji 'Abdallah is the new leader and was the senior-most aide of Baghdadi before his death.[10]

Rita Katz, director of SITE Intelligence Group, believes that it is unlikely that ISIL would "release any video speeches from this new leader or at least ones that show his face".[4] Nonetheless, on 1 November 2019, United States president Donald Trump claimed on social media that the United States government had identified al-Hashimi's true identity.[11] However, a report on 5 November 2019 by The National said that this "does not seem to be the case" and that "reports indicate that Iraqi, Kurdish and American officials say they don’t have much to go on".[12] The Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center has speculated that al-Hashimi is of Iraqi nationality.[1]

Career[edit]

According to ISIL, al-Hashimi is a veteran in fighting against western nations,[8] being a religiously educated and experienced commander.[13] He was described as "the scholar, the worker, the worshiper", a "prominent figure in jihad",[14] and an "emir of war".[15]

Leader of ISIL[edit]

Less than a week after the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, al-Hashimi was elected by a shura council as the new caliph of ISIL,[14] indicating that the group still considers itself a caliphate despite having lost all of its territory in Iraq and Syria.[15] Al-Hashimi's appointment was supposedly done in accordance with the advice of Baghdadi, meaning the new emir was named as a successor by Baghdadi himself.[16] Further evidence that al-Hashimi may have been appointed as successor by Baghdadi may be inferred from the relatively quick succession of Baghdadi.[4] Al-Hashimi's coming to power followed several days of speculation and denial surrounding Baghdadi's death among ISIL supporters.[17]

The general expectation was that al-Hashimi would become "the leader of a frayed organisation that has been reduced to scattered sleeper cells"[18] and the ruler of a "caliphate of ashes".[4] Some analysts believed that Baghdadi's death would likely cause ISIL to splinter, "leaving whoever emerges as its new leader with the task of pulling the group back together as a fighting force".[14] However, other analysts believed that Baghdadi's death would not have of an impact on ISIL "in terms of operational capacity" and that it was likely "not to result in the group’s demise, or really even bring about a decline".[19]

On 3 November, ISIL's Sinai province pledged allegiance to al-Hashimi.[20] The next day, al-Hashimi received pledges of allegiance from ISIL's Bangladeshi affiliates[21] and Somali province.[22]

Following an attack on the Tajikistan/Uzbekistan border that killed 17 people total on 7 November, the attackers declared allegiance to al-Hashimi prior to the attack, according to journalist Rukmini Callimachi.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ISIS announces appointment of new leader in place of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi". The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center. 2019-11-05. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  2. ^ "Supporters Begin Flocking to New Islamic State Leader". Voice of America. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  3. ^ "تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية يعلن عن خليفة للبغدادي" (in Arabic). 2019-10-31. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  4. ^ a b c d Sanchez, Raf (2019-11-01). "Why Isil's new leader Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurayshi has inherited an empire in ruins". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  5. ^ "Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Quraishi named IS leader". MEO. 2019-01-11. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  6. ^ "Islamic State Group Names Successor to Al-Baghdadi". NBC Southern California. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01. The new spokesman, named Abu Hamza al-Qurayshi, urged followers to pledge allegiance to the new Caliph
  7. ^ a b Chulov, Martin (2019-10-31). "Islamic State names new leader after death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2019-10-31. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  8. ^ a b "Islamic State names its new leader as Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi". bbc.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-31. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  9. ^ Haltiwanger, John (31 October 2019). "ISIS says it has a new leader less than a week after the US raid that left al-Baghdadi dead". Business Insider. Business Insider Inc. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  10. ^ El Deeb, Sarah (5 November 2019). "In last days, al-Baghdadi sought safety in shrinking domain". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  11. ^ "US knows new Daesh/ISIS leader, says Trump". aa.com.tr. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  12. ^ "After Baghdadi: what we know about the new ISIS leader". The National. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  13. ^ Dahhan, Ghassan (2019-10-31). "IS heeft een nieuwe leider: Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Quraishi" [IS did not release much information about the new leader, except that he is both a religious scholar and an experienced commander.]. Trouw (in Dutch). Retrieved 2019-10-31. IS liet weinig los over de nieuwe leider, behalve dat hij zowel een religieus geleerde is als een ervaren commandant
  14. ^ a b c "Islamic State names new leader, confirms death of Baghdadi in US raid". ABC News. 2019-11-01. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  15. ^ a b Sanchez, Raf (2019-10-31). "Islamic State announces new leader after death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 2019-10-31. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  16. ^ "Islamic State confirms Baghdadi's death, names new 'Emir of the Faithful' | FDD's Long War Journal". longwarjournal.org. 2019-11-01. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  17. ^ "Isis just announced the name of its new leader after the death of Baghdadi". The Independent. 2019-10-31. Archived from the original on 2019-10-31. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  18. ^ "ISIL confirms death of leader al-Baghdadi, names new chief". aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 2019-10-31. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  19. ^ "What to Know About the New Leader of ISIS". Time. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  20. ^ "Egyptian ISIS affiliate swears loyalty to new leader". JNS.org. 2019-11-03. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  21. ^ "IS in Bangladesh pledge allegiance to new leader". IS in Bangladesh pledge allegiance to new leader. Retrieved 2019-11-04. Text " theindependentbd.com" ignored (help)
  22. ^ "Somali ISIS affiliate swears allegiance to new leader". Israel National News. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  23. ^ Callimachi, Rukmini (2019-11-08). "1. This is significant: A few days ago, Tajik officials confirmed that an attack on a border post in Tajikistan which killed 17 people was carried out by ISIS. Today, ISIS released a video of the assailants. They pledge allegiance not to Baghdadi but to the new caliph". @rcallimachi. Retrieved 2019-11-09.