Abu Ishaq Shami
Abu Ishaq Shami (died 940) was a Muslim scholar who is often regarded as the founder of the Sufi Chishti Order (Persian: چشتی - Čištī) (Arabic: ششتى - Shishti). He was the first in the Chishti lineage (silsila) to live in Chisht and so to adopt the name "Chishti", so that, if the Chishti order itself dates back to him, it is one of the oldest recorded Sufi orders. His original name, Shami, implies he came from Syria (ash-Sham). He died in Damascus and lies buried on Mount Qasiyun, where later on also Ibn Arabi was buried.
Masters and students
Abu Ishaq Shami's teacher was Shaikh Ilw Mumshad Dinwari, whose own teacher was Abu Hubairah Basri, a disciple of Huzaifah Al-Mar'ashi who was in turn a disciple of Ibrahim ibn Adham. The Chishtiyyah silsila continued through Abu Ishaq Shami's disciple Abu Ahmad Abdal. In south Asia Moinuddin Chishti was the founding father and most revered saint of the Chishti order.
Some of Abu Ishaq Shami's sayings are:
- Starvation excels all in bliss.
- The worldly people are impure while the dervishes are pure in their souls. These two different natures cannot therefore mingle.
The chain of masters of Chishti order
- Muhammad ibn Abdullah
- 'Ameerul Mo'mineen Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib
- Shaikh Khawaja Ḥasan Baṣrī
- Shaikh Abdul Wāḥid Bin Zaid
- Fuḍayl ibn Iyāḍ
- Ibrāhīm bin Adham
- Ḥudhayfah al-Mar'ashī
- Amīnuddīn Abū Ḥubayrah al-Baṣrī
- Mumshād Dīnwarī
- Abū Isḥāq al-Shāmī
- Jackson, Roy (2011). Mawlana Mawdudi and Political Islam: Authority and the Islamic State. Abingdon, Oxfordshire. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-415-47411-5.
- Karamustafa, Ahmet T. (2011). Sufism: The Formative Period. University of California Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-520-25268-4.
- Chishti. "Early Sufis in the Chishti Order". Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- Ernst, Carl W. (2002). Sufi martyrs of love: the Chishti Order in South Asia and beyond. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4039-6027-6.
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