Abu Kabir Forensic Institute
L. Greenberg National Institute of Forensic Medicine (Hebrew: המכון הלאומי לרפואה משפטית ע"ש ל' גרינברג) also known as Abu Kabir Forensic Institute, is an Israeli forensic research laboratory located in the Abu Kabir neighborhood of Tel Aviv, Israel.
The Abu Kabir version of the institute's name, which is the one commonly used, preserves in Israeli Hebrew usage the name of the Palestinian village of Abu Kabir which existed on this site and was depopulated in 1948.
Established in 1954 as part of the Israel Police Division of Criminal Identification (today the Division of Identification & Forensic Science), the Greenberg National Institute of Forensic Medicine is now a department of the Israeli Health Ministry and affiliated with the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at the University of Tel Aviv. Administratively it reports to Assaf HaRofeh Hospital.
The Abu Kabir Institute is the only facility in Israel and the occupied territories authorized to conduct autopsies in cases of unnatural death. The lab at Abu Kabir conducts forensic examination in cases of rape, homicide, suicide and suspicious death. It also identifies victims of terror attacks.
Organ removal allegations
In 2005, chief pathologist Yehuda Hiss, director of Abu Kabir from 1988 to 2004, admitted, as part of a plea bargain, to the unauthorized removal of organs, bone and tissue from 125 bodies in the 1990s. Israel claimed that such activity stopped a decade ago.
In 2009, Abu Kabir was mentioned in a controversial article in Swedish tabloid Aftonbladet by Donald Boström. Boström accused the institute of being part of a human organ trafficking ring in which Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldiers abducted Palestinians to "harvest" their organs.
Boström later admitted having no evidence. "I have a personal opinion," Boström told Israel Radio. "It concerns me to the extent that I want it to be investigated. But whether it's true or not - I have no idea, I have no clue." In an interview with an Israeli newspaper, Boström said his allegations were based on hearsay: "What I experienced during this day is many people from Israel who called me haven't read the article. So they think I'm accusing the IDF of stealing organs. That's not what I'm doing. I just recorded the Palestinian families saying that."
The Israeli Ministry of Health later acknowledged that "skin, corneas, heart valves and bones" had been removed during autopsies of Israelis, including IDF soldiers, Palestinians and foreign workers in the 1990s. The ministry says that for the past decade, procedures carried out at Abu Kabir have conformed with ethics and Jewish law, and all organ removal is done with permission.
Nancy Scheper-Hughes, a professor of anthropology at the University of California-Berkeley who founded Organs Watch, an organization that monitors traffic in human organs, said she decided to publicize an interview with Hiss in the wake of the Aftonbladet affair. She described the involvement of the IDF as a "widely-known secret in Israel." However, Scheper-Hughes made it clear she does not believe Israel murdered Palestinians for organs.
The Attorney General of Israel dropped criminal charges against Hiss, and he continues to work there as a chief pathologist.
- Judy Siegel (December 28, 2000). "Foreign experts to inspect Abu Kabir forensic institute". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- Mary Barrett (April 1990). "Autopsies and Executions". Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA): 21.
- Yael Cohen, "Identifying dead, comforting the survivors at Abu Kabir", Cleveland Jewish News, 27 September 2002
- Judy Siegel, Foreign experts to inspect Abu Kabir forensic institute, Jerusalem Post, 28 December 2000
- Boström, Donald (2009-08-17). "Våra söner plundras på sina organ". Aftonbladet. Archived from the original on 25 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
- Israel, Organ-Harvesting, and Anti-Semitism
- Mark Lavie, Israel harvested organs in '90s without permission, Associated Press, 2009-12-21. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Kevin Flower and Guy Azriel, Israel harvested organs without permission, officials say, CNN, 2009-12-21. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Anne Barker, Israel admits organ harvesting, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2009-12-22. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Simon McGregor-Wood, Israel Took Organs of Dead Without Permission, ABC News, 2009-12-21. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Mark Lavie, Israel admits to taking organs illegally, The New Zealand Herald, 2009-12-21. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Israel admits to harvesting Palestinian organs, Global Times, 2009-12-22. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.
- Magnus Sundholm, Man höll tyst av plikt mot landet, Aftonbladet, 2009-12-22. Retrieved on 2009-12-24.